Endocrine System Quiz: Hormones and Glands
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Endocrine System Quiz: Hormones and Glands

Test your knowledge of the endocrine system with questions related to hormones and glands. Identify the hormones responsible for fight-or-flight response and growth, and understand the implications of gland deficiencies on health.

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@ManageableLagrange

Questions and Answers

Which hormone is responsible for the 'fight or flight' response when a boy is running away from danger?

Adrenaline

In the context of growth, which gland is primarily responsible for a child growing taller?

Pituitary gland

What is a likely consequence for a person born without a thymus gland?

It may lead to death

Which of the following is NOT a function of the female reproductive system?

<p>It produces semen</p> Signup and view all the answers

How do hormones from the pancreas help regulate blood sugar levels when a girl eats too many sweets?

<p>Insulin is released in response to an increase in blood glucose level</p> Signup and view all the answers

What could be a potential outcome if both the nervous and endocrine systems fail to maintain homeostasis?

<p>It may lead to various diseases and even death</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which gland releases Thymosin to prevent the body from acquiring diseases?

<p>Thymus</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the result of excessive secretion of growth hormones?

<p>Gigantism</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which structure serves as the site of egg fertilization in the female reproductive system?

<p>Oviduct</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the average length of the menstrual cycle for women?

<p>28 days</p> Signup and view all the answers

Where do nerve fibers that carry information into and out of the brain stem originate from?

<p>Cranial Nerves</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the space between neurons where electrochemical signals pass known as?

<p>Synapse</p> Signup and view all the answers

What molecule carries the genetic information from DNA to the Ribosomes?

<p>mRNA</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which molecule serves as the site of attachment for protein synthesis?

<p>tRNA</p> Signup and view all the answers

What process determines the order of bases in mRNA that correspond to amino acids in a protein?

<p>Translation</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which genetic disorder results from having an extra copy of chromosome 21?

<p>Down’s Syndrome</p> Signup and view all the answers

If the DNA strand AATGCCAGTGGT is replicated, which of the following is the complementary strand produced?

<p>TTACGGTCACCA</p> Signup and view all the answers

In the steps of protein synthesis, what occurs after tRNA brings the correct amino acid to the ribosome?

<p>tRNA drops amino acids off at the ribosome</p> Signup and view all the answers

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