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Elements of a Story Quiz

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15 Questions

What is the main purpose of conflict in a story?

To give the characters something to overcome

Which element of a story marks the end of the conflict?


How does setting impact a story?

By influencing the cultural norms and feel of the story

What is the primary role of main characters in a story?

To drive the story and undergo significant development

Which element of a story involves where and when the story takes place?


What is the purpose of the five basic elements of a story (setting, character, plot, conflict, and theme)?

To create a cohesive and engaging narrative structure

What is the least reliable point of view in storytelling?

First person

In the example provided, what is the setting of the murder mystery story?

19th century London

Which point of view treats the reader as a character in the story?

Second person

Which of the following best describes the role of the character in a story?

To serve as the driving force behind the narrative's events

In which point of view does the narrator describe the thoughts and feelings of only one main character?

Third person limited

According to the example, what is the central conflict in the murder mystery story?

The detective's encounters with deceptive witnesses and lack of evidence

Which point of view is considered the most reliable because it provides information from all perspectives?

Third person omniscient

What is the theme established at the end of the murder mystery story example?

The evils of human greed

Which narrative element contributes heavily to the tone of a story?


Study Notes

Story Elements

  • A story's setting determines its feel, possibilities for conflict, cultural, and social characteristics.
  • Characters are the people, animals, or personified inanimate objects that experience the story and can even be used as a setting.
  • Main characters drive the story, undergo significant development, and perform actions that allow the reader to have experiences through them.


  • The plot is what happens as characters encounter and attempt to resolve conflict.
  • Exposition is the beginning of the story where characters, setting, and conflict are established.
  • Rising action follows the exposition, marks the point where main characters first encounter the conflict, and creates tension.
  • Climax is the culminating point where characters must confront the conflict, resulting in an intense scene or verbal confrontation.
  • Falling action is the direct result of the conflict, resulting in positive or negative consequences for the characters.
  • Resolution marks the end of the conflict and the story's conclusion, sometimes explaining the final outcome for the characters.


  • Conflict is the problem or challenge that characters face and is necessary for a story.
  • Conflict can be internal (a struggle between one character's competing desires) or external (e.g., facing a hurricane).


  • The theme is the overall message or lesson that the reader gathers from the story.
  • The author's purpose is to offer a certain insight, which is the theme of the story.

Advanced Elements

  • Point of view is the perspective from which the story is told and can be 1st person, 2nd person, 3rd person limited, 3rd person omniscient, or 3rd person objective.
  • Tone is the author's attitude toward the subject of the story, established through word choice and portrayal.
  • Style is the way the author writes, contributing to tone through mechanical writing choices like syntax, diction, and figurative language.

Crafting a Story

  • Authors make intentional choices to shape stories, including setting, character, plot, conflict, and theme.
  • Changing one element can dramatically affect a story's structure and impact.
  • Authors use narrative elements to create a story, building a message or observation about life through their choices.

Test your knowledge on the essential elements that make up a compelling story. Explore how setting, character, plot, conflict, and theme work together in crafting engaging narratives.

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