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## Questions and Answers

What is the flow of electrons from one atom to another through a conductor called?

What unit is electric current measured in?

What is the closed loop of conductors through which electric current flows called?

What is the unit of resistance?

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What is the property of conductors that opposes the flow of electric current called?

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What does the power source provide in an electric circuit?

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What does Ohm's law state?

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How is electric power defined?

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What is the unit of electric power?

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What happens when an electric current flows through a conductor?

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What factors determine the magnitude and direction of the magnetic field around a conductor?

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What does electricity play a crucial role in?

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## Study Notes

## Electricity Class 10

Electricity is a natural phenomenon that is a part of our everyday lives. It is a form of energy that is produced and transported in a circuit. In this article, we will explore the basics of electricity, including electric current, electric circuits, resistance and Ohm's law, electric power, and magnetic effects of electric current.

### Electric Current

Electric current is the flow of electrons from one atom to another through a conductor. It flows from a region of high electrical potential (voltage) to a region of low electrical potential. The direction of conventional current is the opposite of the direction of electron flow. Current is measured in amperes (A), and it is a vector quantity.

### Electric Circuits

An electric circuit is a closed loop of conductors through which electric current flows. It consists of a power source (like a battery), a load (like a bulb), and a conductor (like a wire). The power source provides the potential difference, the load resists the flow of current, and the conductor allows the current to flow through the circuit.

### Resistance and Ohm's Law

Resistance is an inherent property of conductors that opposes the flow of electric current. It is measured in ohms (Î©) and is defined as the ratio of the potential difference across a conductor to the current flowing through it.

Ohm's law states that the current flowing through a conductor is directly proportional to the potential difference across it, provided the temperature remains constant. This is expressed as V = IR, where V is the potential difference, I is the current, and R is the resistance.

### Electric Power

Electric power is the rate at which electrical energy is transferred by an electric circuit. It is defined as the product of the potential difference and the current flowing through the circuit. The unit of electric power is the watt (W), which is equal to a volt-ampere (VA).

### Magnetic Effects of Electric Current

When an electric current flows through a conductor, it generates a magnetic field around the conductor. This phenomenon is known as the magnetic effect of electric current. The magnitude and direction of the magnetic field depend on the current flowing through the conductor, the length of the conductor, and the distance from the conductor.

In conclusion, electricity is a fundamental concept that plays a crucial role in our daily lives. By understanding the basics of electric current, electric circuits, resistance and Ohm's law, electric power, and magnetic effects of electric current, we can better appreciate the wonders of this natural phenomenon.

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## Description

Explore the fundamental concepts of electricity, including electric current, electric circuits, resistance and Ohm's law, electric power, and magnetic effects of electric current. Understand the flow of electrons, closed loops of conductors, inherent resistance, electric power transfer, and magnetic fields generated by current flow.