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Early American History and Cultures

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36 Questions

What is the primary characteristic of an ethnocentric worldview?

feeling that one's own nation or group is the cultural center of the world

What is the term for the time period in the Americas before the arrival of Europeans?

Pre-Columbian Era

What is the name of the Native American settlement near present-day East St. Louis that was home to as many as 25,000 people?

Cahokia

What is the name of the Native American people who lived in what is now Mexico and northern Central America and were known for their astronomical observations and sophisticated calendars?

Mayas

What is the term for the stage of Native American development characterized by the use of stone tools, hunting, and gathering?

Lithic Stage

What is the name of the Native American people who lived in the southwest American region and built stone and earth dwellings along cliff walls?

Ancestral Puebloans

What was the primary method of transportation used by the Norse in their exploration of the Americas?

Island hopping

What was the main goal of Hernando de Soto's expedition into the northern frontier region of New Spain?

To discover the mythical cities of gold

What was the primary reason for the success of the Jamestown colony?

The introduction of tobacco as a cash crop

What was the result of the Protestant Reformation in Europe?

The creation of Protestant churches

What was the name of the leader of the Wampanoag Indians who helped the Pilgrims survive?

Massasoit

What was the primary goal of the Columbian Exchange?

To exchange plants, animals, diseases, and technologies between the Americas and the rest of the world

What was the name of the movement that advocated the use of reason in the reappraisal of accepted ideas and social institutions?

Enlightenment

What was the primary method of navigation used by Christopher Columbus on his voyage to the Americas?

Dead reckoning

What was the primary objective of the navigation acts during the colonial period?

To regulate trade between England and its colonies

What was the name of the first elected legislative assembly in the New World?

House of Burgesses

Which of the following groups was not part of the Algonquian nation?

Iroquois

What was the name of the war that was the longest and bloodiest conflict between settlers and natives in the 17th century?

King Philip's War

What was the outcome of the French and Indian War?

The British gained control of the Ohio Valley

What was the primary purpose of the Proclamation Line of 1763?

To establish a clear boundary between the colonies and the Native American territories

Who was the leader of the Lexington minutemen during the Battle of Lexington in April 1775?

John Parker

What was the outcome of Pontiac's Rebellion?

The rebellion ended with the death of Pontiac

What was the primary objective of the Sons of Liberty?

To oppose British policies at the time of the American Revolution

What was the significance of the Stamp Act Congress?

It showed signs of colonial unity and organized resistance

What was the primary purpose of the impressment practice by the British?

To take American sailors and force them into military service

What was the primary objective of the Declaratory Act of 1766?

To assert Parliament's authority over the colonies

Which battle was a turning point in the Revolutionary War, leading to France's open support of the colonies with military forces and the French navy?

Saratoga

Who was the British spy who supplied information about American munitions storage during the Revolutionary War?

Benjamin Church

What was the strategy employed by George Washington during the Revolutionary War to wear down the British?

War of Attrition

Which document was a weak constitution that governed America during the Revolutionary War?

Articles of Confederation

What was the name of the rebellion led by Daniel Shays in 1786-1787, highlighting the need for a strong national government?

Shay's Rebellion

What was the agreement that each slave counted as three-fifths of a person in determining representation in the House for representation and taxation purposes?

Three-Fifths Compromise

Who was the commander of the Continental Army during the Revolutionary War?

George Washington

What was the name of the last battle of the War of Independence, where the British surrendered in 1789?

Yorktown

Who was the author of the Declaration of Independence?

Thomas Jefferson

What was the name of the British general who decided to run up the hill instead of cutting off the Americans at Bunker Hill?

William Howe

Explore the fascinating world of early American cultures, from the land bridge of the Bering Strait to the diverse creation stories of native groups. Learn about the Lithic Stage and Pre-Columbian era, and discover how ethnocentricity has shaped our understanding of these ancient civilizations.

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