Diagnosis of Toxoplasmosis: Microbiologic Tests and Clinical Abnormalities
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Diagnosis of Toxoplasmosis: Microbiologic Tests and Clinical Abnormalities

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Questions and Answers

What clinical abnormalities are specific to toxoplasmosis?

Eosinophilia

Which of the following is NOT an abnormality found in the cerebrospinal fluid of cats with acute CNS toxoplasmosis?

High lymphocyte count

What is a distinctive characteristic of hyperglobulinemia in dogs with chronic toxoplasmosis?

It is generally polyclonal

Which of the following can be detected in the urine of some dogs or cats with clinical toxoplasmosis?

<p>Proteinuria</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the estimated prevalence of feline chronic gingivostomatitis complex in first opinion practice in the United Kingdom?

<p>0.7%</p> Signup and view all the answers

What percentage of cats with chronic oral disease have been found to shed FCV in various studies?

<p>More than 80%</p> Signup and view all the answers

What has recent work shown about the correlation between FCV load and disease severity or outcome?

<p>No correlation</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary site for viral replication in FCV infection?

<p>Oral and respiratory tissues</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which type of cells are primarily infected by FCV in the lower respiratory complications?

<p>Type II pneumocytes</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the most prominent pathologic feature of FCV infection?

<p>Vesicle formation</p> Signup and view all the answers

In FCV infection, what has been overemphasized in the past due to experimental studies using aerosol challenge?

<p>Primary interstitial pneumonia</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a common clinical sign present in most strains of FCV?

<p>Ocular and nasal discharges</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which organ is NOT commonly affected by lesions associated with FCV infection?

<p>Kidney</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a distinguishing feature of FCV-Associated Virulent Systemic Disease (VSD)?

<p>Presence of oral ulceration</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which symptom is NOT typically associated with FCV infection?

<p>Lameness without pyrexia</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a potential complication associated with some strains of FCV?

<p>Lameness after vaccination</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a characteristic feature of FCV-VSD outbreaks?

<p>Nosocomial infections</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of these organs is not commonly associated with viral antigen detection in FCV-infected cats?

<p>Brain</p> Signup and view all the answers

What sets apart strains of FCV from each other?

<p>'Tropism' and 'virulence'</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a distinct feature of FCV-induced acute synovitis?

<p>'Oral' ulceration</p> Signup and view all the answers

The virulence of FCV can result in which of the following?

<p>Fatal pneumonia</p> Signup and view all the answers

What has recent research shown about the correlation between FCV load and disease severity or outcome?

<p>There is no correlation between FCV load and disease severity or outcome.</p> Signup and view all the answers

What percentage of cats with chronic oral disease have been found to shed FCV in studies?

<p>Over 90%</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which agent, besides FCV, is likely to be involved in feline chronic gingivostomatitis complex according to the text?

<p>Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV)</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which type of cells have been found to be infected by FCV in alveolar macrophages and to a lesser extent, type II pneumocytes?

<p>Activated alveolar macrophages</p> Signup and view all the answers

What has recent research suggested about the occurrence of primary interstitial pneumonia in FCV infection?

<p>It has been overemphasized due to aerosol challenge studies</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the main pathologic feature that distinguishes FCV infection?

<p>Necrosis of overlying epithelium</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which tissues may FCV be found in, besides oral and respiratory tissues?

<p>Synovial fluid</p> Signup and view all the answers

What are the common lesions seen in FCV-infected joints?

<p>Acute synovitis, thickening of synovial membrane, and increased amount of synovial fluid</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which type of lesions are widespread in cases of FCV-associated virulent systemic disease (VSD)?

<p>Oral ulceration and subcutaneous edema</p> Signup and view all the answers

Where have viral antigens been detected in FCV infection?

<p>Skin and nasal mucosa</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following is a characteristic sign of FCV infection?

<p>Facial edema</p> Signup and view all the answers

In FCV infection, what is a common early sign apart from pyrexia?

<p>Ulceration on tongue</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a distinguishing feature of some strains of FCV?

<p>Characterized by enteritis</p> Signup and view all the answers

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