Cultural Geography Basics
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Cultural Geography Basics

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Questions and Answers

What is the primary focus of cultural geography?

The examination of how human cultures shape and are shaped by the natural environment

What term describes the visible and tangible aspects of culture, such as architecture, art, and monuments?

Cultural Landscape

Which subfield of cultural geography examines the reciprocal relationships between culture and environment?

Cultural Ecology

Who is known for their work on sense of place and the emotional attachment to landscape?

<p>Yi-Fu Tuan</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the term for the process of creating and shaping the cultural landscape through human activities?

<p>Placemaking</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the main function of the upper respiratory tract?

<p>To warm, humidify, and filter the air</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the name of the tiny air sacs where gas exchange occurs?

<p>Alveoli</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which muscle separates the chest and abdominal cavities?

<p>Diaphragm</p> Signup and view all the answers

How many lobes does the right lung have?

<p>Three</p> Signup and view all the answers

What happens when the diaphragm relaxes during the breathing process?

<p>The chest cavity decreases in size</p> Signup and view all the answers

Study Notes

Cultural Geography

Definition

  • Study of how human cultures shape and are shaped by the natural environment
  • Examines the relationships between culture, identity, and place

Key Concepts

  • Cultural Landscape: The visible and tangible aspects of culture, such as architecture, art, and monuments
  • Sense of Place: The emotional and cultural attachment to a particular location
  • Placemaking: The process of creating and shaping the cultural landscape through human activities

Subfields

  • Human-Environment Interaction: Examines the relationships between human societies and the natural environment
  • Cultural Ecology: Studies the reciprocal relationships between culture and environment
  • Feminist Geography: Analyzes the ways in which gender and power relations shape the cultural landscape

Theories and Models

  • Cultural Determinism: The idea that culture determines the way people interact with their environment
  • Environmental Determinism: The idea that the environment determines the way people interact with their culture
  • Possibilism: The idea that the environment provides opportunities and constraints for human activity, but does not determine it

Applications

  • Urban Planning: Understanding the cultural landscape of cities to inform urban planning and policy decisions
  • Heritage Conservation: Preserving cultural landscapes and heritage sites for future generations
  • Tourism: Understanding the cultural significance of places to develop sustainable tourism practices

Key Figures

  • Carl Sauer: Known for his work on cultural landscapes and the concept of "morphology of landscape"
  • Doreen Massey: Contributed to the development of feminist geography and the concept of "space" as a social construct
  • Yi-Fu Tuan: Known for his work on sense of place and the emotional attachment to landscape

Cultural Geography

Definition and Scope

  • Examines the reciprocal relationships between human cultures and the natural environment
  • Focuses on how cultures shape and are shaped by the environment

Key Concepts

  • Cultural Landscape: The visible and tangible aspects of culture, such as architecture, art, and monuments
  • Sense of Place: The emotional and cultural attachment to a particular location, influenced by personal experiences and cultural background
  • Placemaking: The process of creating and shaping the cultural landscape through human activities, such as urban planning and architecture

Subfields and Approaches

  • Human-Environment Interaction: Examines the relationships between human societies and the natural environment, focusing on environmental impacts and sustainability
  • Cultural Ecology: Studies the reciprocal relationships between culture and environment, exploring how cultural practices affect the environment and vice versa
  • Feminist Geography: Analyzes the ways in which gender and power relations shape the cultural landscape, highlighting social injustices and inequalities

Theories and Models

  • Cultural Determinism: Suggests that culture determines the way people interact with their environment, emphasizing the role of cultural norms and values
  • Environmental Determinism: Posits that the environment determines the way people interact with their culture, highlighting the impact of climate, geography, and natural resources
  • Possibilism: Argues that the environment provides opportunities and constraints for human activity, but does not determine cultural practices or outcomes

Applications and Practices

  • Urban Planning: Applies cultural geography principles to inform urban planning and policy decisions, prioritizing community engagement and sustainable development
  • Heritage Conservation: Preserves cultural landscapes and heritage sites for future generations, balancing preservation with community needs and environmental concerns
  • Sustainable Tourism: Develops tourism practices that respect local cultures, environments, and communities, promoting cross-cultural understanding and exchange

Respiratory System

Overview

  • Brings oxygen into the body and removes carbon dioxide
  • Comprises upper and lower respiratory tracts

Upper Respiratory Tract

  • Consists of nose and nasal cavity, mouth, and pharynx (throat)
  • Functions include warming, humidifying, and filtering air
  • Contains small hairs (cilia) and mucous membranes to trap particles
  • Air enters through nostrils or mouth

Lower Respiratory Tract

  • Comprises larynx (voice box), trachea (windpipe), bronchi, and lungs
  • Air passes through larynx and trachea into bronchi
  • Bronchi divide into smaller bronchioles, eventually reaching alveoli
  • Alveoli: tiny air sacs where gas exchange occurs (oxygen in, carbon dioxide out)

Lungs

  • Located in the thoracic cavity, protected by the rib cage
  • Right lung: larger, divided into three lobes
  • Left lung: smaller, divided into two lobes
  • Gas exchange occurs in alveoli
  • Oxygen-rich blood sent to heart, pumped to body
  • Carbon dioxide-rich blood returned to heart, pumped to lungs for exhalation

Breathing Mechanism

  • Diaphragm: dome-shaped muscle separating chest and abdominal cavities
  • Intercostal muscles: located between ribs, help expand and contract chest cavity
  • Breathing process involves diaphragm contraction, chest cavity expansion, and air intake
  • Diaphragm relaxation, chest cavity decrease, and air exhalation

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Explore the study of how human cultures shape and are shaped by the natural environment, including cultural landscapes, sense of place, and placemaking.

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