CompTIA Security+ (SY0-701) Threat Actors M

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39 Questions

Unskilled attackers have limited technical expertise and use readily available tools.

True

Hacktivists are driven by financial gain.

False

Threat actors' motivations include data exfiltration, blackmail, and revenge.

True

Nation-state actors are individuals or groups outside an organization attempting to breach cybersecurity defenses.

False

Unskilled attackers, or 'script kiddies,' have extensive technical knowledge and do not rely on pre-made software or scripts to exploit computer systems and networks.

False

Hacktivists engage in hacking activities for personal gain rather than to promote a cause or drive social change.

False

Deception and disruption technologies, such as honeypots, honeynets, honeyfiles, and honeytokens, are used to deceive and detect attackers.

True

Threat actors employ only direct tactics such as exploiting vulnerabilities, using malware, and launching DDoS attacks to carry out their attacks.

False

Threat actors may use only encryption and anonymity tools to evade detection and countermeasures.

False

Organizations can implement various security measures, such as firewalls, antivirus software, and intrusion detection systems, to protect against cyber threats.

True

Incident response plans are not effective in helping organizations respond to cyber attacks.

False

CompTIA Security+ (SY0-701) is a certification that does not offer training and resources for cybersecurity professionals.

False

Threat actors may employ various methods to maintain their access to compromised systems and networks, including persistent backdoors, rootkits, and remote access tools.

True

Security awareness training for employees is not a security measure that organizations can implement to protect against cyber threats.

False

Threat actors use a variety of tools and techniques to carry out their attacks, but they do not use email attachments to spread their malware.

False

Anonymous is a well-structured and highly organized cybercrime group

False

Nation-state actors are motivated by short-term financial gains

False

Insider threats can take forms such as data theft, sabotage, or misuse of access privileges

True

Zero-trust architecture includes providing effective employee security awareness programs

True

Shadow IT refers to the use of IT systems, devices, software, applications, and services with organizational approval

False

Threat vectors and attack surfaces encompass all points where an unauthorized user can attempt to enter or extract data

True

Anonymous is a hacktivist group involved in high-profile attacks

True

Organized cybercrime groups are not motivated by financial gain

False

Nation-state actors are sponsored by a government to conduct cyber operations against other entities

True

Insider threats are cybersecurity threats originating from outside an organization

False

Zero-trust architecture does not mitigate the risk of insider threats

False

Shadow IT includes Bring Your Own Devices (BYOD)

True

Phishing campaigns are commonly used as part of a message-based threat vector when an attacker impersonates a trusted entity to trick its victims into revealing their sensitive information to the attacker

True

BlueSmack is a type of Denial of Service attack that targets Bluetooth-enabled devices by sending a specially crafted Logical Link Control and Adaptation Protocol packet to a target device

True

Honeynets are a network of honeypots to create a more complex system that is designed to mimic an entire network of systems

True

Dynamic page generation is effective against automated scraping tools or bots trying to index or steal content from an organization's website

True

Port Triggering is a security mechanism where specific services or ports on a network device remain open until a specific outbound traffic pattern is detected

False

Spoofing fake telemetry data involves configuring a system to respond to a network scan by sending out genuine telemetry or network data

False

Bogus DNS entries involve introducing fake Domain Name System entries into a system's DNS server

True

Unsecure networks include wireless, wired, and Bluetooth networks that lack the appropriate security measures to protect them

True

Honeytokens are pieces of data or resources that have no legitimate value or use but are monitored for access or use

True

Deceptive and Disruption Technologies are designed to mislead, confuse, and divert attackers from critical assets while simultaneously detecting and neutralizing threats

True

Several different threat vectors that could be used to attack enterprise networks include message-based, image-based, files, voice calls, and removable devices

True

By exploiting vulnerabilities in the Bluetooth protocol, an attacker can carry out attacks using techniques like the BlueBorne or BlueSmack exploits

True

Study Notes

  • Anonymous: a loosely affiliated hacktivist group involved in high-profile attacks, targeting organizations perceived as acting unethically or against public interest
  • Organized cybercrime groups: well-structured, sophisticated, possess advanced technical capabilities, engage in a variety of illicit activities for financial gain, use custom malware, ransomware, and phishing campaigns
  • Nation-state actors: groups or individuals sponsored by a government to conduct cyber operations against other entities, motivated by long-term strategic goals, may conduct false flag attacks, employ advanced technical skills, and extensive resources
  • Insider threats: cybersecurity threats originating from within an organization, with varying capabilities, may take forms such as data theft, sabotage, or misuse of access privileges, driven by financial gain, revenge, or carelessness
  • Zero-trust architecture: mitigates the risk of insider threats, includes employing robust access controls, conducting regular audits, and providing effective employee security awareness programs
  • Shadow IT: use of IT systems, devices, software, applications, and services without organizational approval, exists due to high security posture or complexities affecting business operations, includes Bring Your Own Devices (BYOD)
  • Threat vectors and attack surfaces: means by which attackers gain unauthorized access to deliver malicious payloads or carry out unwanted actions, encompasses all points where an unauthorized user can attempt to enter or extract data, can be minimized by restricting access.

Test your knowledge of cybersecurity groups with these study notes. Learn about well-known hacktivist groups like 'Anonymous' and organized cybercrime groups, and their activities in the digital world.

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