Comparison of Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells

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18 Questions

Which characteristic is unique to prokaryotic cells?

Absence of endoplasmic reticulum

What is a key difference between the DNA arrangement in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells?

Circular vs Linear arrangement

Which organelle is absent in prokaryotic cells but present in eukaryotic cells?

Mitochondria

What is the main function of genes in terms of DNA?

Expression of genetic information

How do prokaryotic cells typically reproduce?

Cell division through binary fission

Which characteristic is a distinguishing feature of eukaryotic cells?

Presence of lysosomes and centrosomes

What does molecular biology primarily deal with?

The structure and function of macromolecules essential to life.

How do well-formulated hypotheses help in scientific research?

They guide researchers through complex theories.

In molecular biology, what advanced tools and techniques are commonly used?

Methods for manipulating nucleic acids and proteins

What is a characteristic feature of prokaryotic cells?

Absence of membrane-bound organelles

Which discipline contributed significantly to the emergence of modern molecular biology?

Bacteriology

How did Francis Crick describe the effect of using a guide in scientific theories?

Guides lead to the exclusion of multiple hypotheses.

Which scientist contributed the concept of mutability as a source of variation in phenotype?

De Vries

What did De Vries postulate as self-replicating units?

Pangenes

Who published the first experiment demonstrating that DNA was the genetic material?

Avery, Macleod, and McCarty

Which organelle is absent in prokaryotic cells?

Nucleus

What is the usual size range of eukaryotic cells in diameter?

$10$ μm - $100$ μm

Which type of cell has chemically complex cell walls when present?

Prokaryotes

Explore the differences between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells in terms of DNA arrangement, presence of organelles, cell division, and more.

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