Communism: Karl Marx to Joseph Stalin

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What was the defining struggle of the 20th century according to the text?

The competition between communism and capitalism in the Cold War

Who proposed the ideology of communism in the Communist Manifesto of 1848?

Karl Marx

Which major resources does communism propose the state should own?

Education and agriculture

What did Karl Marx emphasize in every historical society according to the Communist Manifesto?

Dangerous instability created by capitalism

Under communism, how are the benefits of labor supposed to be shared?

Equally among everyone in society

What led to the beginning of the Cold War according to the text?

Tensions at the end of World War II between the U.S. and U.S.S.R.

What is one aspect that the Communist Manifesto did NOT provide?

Strategies for economic growth in a communist system

How did Marx's writings influence industrial workers in Europe before any government tested his theories?

By creating an international labor movement

What event marked the beginning of the Russian Revolution in 1917?

Protest led by factory workers

How did the Russian army react to the protest that led to the start of the Russian Revolution?

They joined the protesters in solidarity

What action did Vladimir Lenin's Bolshevik party take in October 1917 during the Russian Revolution?

Implemented communist practices based on Marx's ideology

How did the new urban working class across Europe react to their living conditions in relation to the bourgeois class as described in the text?

Fed up with their squalor compared to the luxury of the bourgeois

Explore the evolution of communist ideology from Karl Marx to Joseph Stalin in European and Russian contexts. Understand the influence of communism on historical events, especially during the Cold War era.

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