Class 9 Chemistry: Properties and States of Matter

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10 Questions

What are some examples of solids based on the text?

Metals, rocks, and ice

What is diffusion?

The process by which particles spread from high to low concentration

Which of the following is NOT a physical property of matter?

Reactivity with water

Which state of matter has a fixed volume but takes the shape of its container?


Which state of matter fills the entire volume of its container?


What is the process by which a liquid changes into a gas?


Which of the following is NOT a form of state change?


What drives evaporation?

Kinetic energy of particles

Which process helps us understand why our clothes dry in the sun?


Which state change involves a substance going directly from solid to gas?


Study Notes

Class 9 Chemistry: Unraveling the World around Us

In the first chapter of your Class 9 chemistry textbook, you'll dive into the fascinating world of matter, starting with the properties of matter, its states, and the processes that shape our daily lives.

Physical Properties of Matter

Matter has characteristics that we can observe and measure, known as physical properties. These include color, odor, hardness, melting point, and boiling point. Physical properties are not influenced by the quantity of the substance and remain constant under normal conditions.

States of Matter

Matter can exist in three states: solid, liquid, and gas. Each state has unique properties and behavior, which we'll explore.


Solids have a fixed shape and a definite volume. They maintain their size and shape, despite external forces. Examples include metals, rocks, and ice.


Liquids have a fixed volume but can take the shape of any container they are poured into. They flow easily and can be compressed slightly. Examples include water, oil, and mercury.


Gases have no fixed shape or volume. They fill the entire volume of their container and can expand to fill a larger space. Gases are highly compressible and flow easily. Examples include air, hydrogen, and nitrogen.


Diffusion is the process by which particles spread out from an area of high concentration to an area of low concentration. This process occurs naturally in gases and liquids. It helps us understand how mixtures and solutions form.


Evaporation is the process by which a liquid changes into a gas, driven by the kinetic energy of the particles. It occurs when the temperature of a liquid increases, or when the liquid is exposed to a cooler environment. Evaporation helps us understand why water from a pool evaporates or why our clothes dry in the sun.

Change of State

Matter can change from one state to another, a process known as a change of state. You're probably familiar with melting, freezing, evaporation, and condensation, which are all forms of state changes.

As you explore these topics in more detail, you'll find that matter plays a central role in our daily lives and understanding its behaviors helps us better appreciate the world around us. Enjoy your journey through Class 9 Chemistry! The provided search results do not contain directly relevant information for the topic of Class 9 Chemistry's first chapter.

Explore the physical properties of matter, the different states of matter (solid, liquid, gas), diffusion, evaporation, and changes of state in this introductory Class 9 chemistry quiz. Understanding these concepts will enhance your knowledge of the world around you.

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