Class 12 English CBSE Non-fiction Texts

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12 Questions

What is the primary purpose of non-fiction texts?

To inform, educate, or persuade the reader

Which genre of non-fiction focuses on an individual's life story?


How do non-fiction texts contribute to students' development of critical thinking?

By presenting opposing viewpoints and requiring analysis and evaluation

What aspect of students' understanding is enhanced by engaging with real-life narratives in non-fiction texts?


Which type of non-fiction text aims to persuade the reader to take a specific course of action or adopt a particular perspective?


In the context of Class 12 English CBSE, which genre of non-fiction includes critical analysis and interpretation of artworks, literature, or other forms of culture?


What is a key benefit of analyzing and discussing non-fiction texts according to the text?

Developing critical thinking skills

Why is it important for students to identify the writer's purpose and audience when engaging with non-fiction texts?

To engage with the text meaningfully

What role does analyzing evidence play in engaging with non-fiction texts?

It assists in evaluating credibility

Why do non-fiction texts help in refining writing skills, according to the text?

By analyzing structure, organization, and evidence use

What is a common genre of non-fiction texts mentioned in Class 12 English CBSE?

Biographies and autobiographies

How can engaging with non-fiction texts help students develop their critical thinking skills?

By encouraging expression of thoughts and feelings

Study Notes

Class 12 English CBSE Non-fiction

Beyond the realm of fiction, the Class 12 English CBSE syllabus also encompasses non-fiction texts, expanding students' horizons to the multifaceted world of non-fictional narratives. These texts offer a diverse range of subjects, styles, and perspectives, allowing students to engage with real-world issues and develop critical thinking skills.

The Nature of Non-fiction

Non-fiction texts are works that aim to inform, educate, or persuade the reader, focusing on real-life events, historical occurrences, or scientific discoveries. In the context of Class 12 English CBSE, students will encounter a variety of genres within non-fiction, including but not limited to:

  1. Autobiography
  2. Biography
  3. Memoir
  4. Essay
  5. Criticism
  6. Review
  7. Speech
  8. Documentary
  9. Travelogue
  10. Scientific writing

Significance of Non-fiction in Class 12 English CBSE

Non-fiction texts equip Class 12 students with skills that are valuable in various aspects of life, including:

  1. Critical thinking: Non-fiction texts often present opposing viewpoints, requiring students to analyze and evaluate the evidence presented and develop their own opinions.
  2. Empathy: By engaging with real-life narratives, students develop a greater understanding of and empathy for the experiences of others.
  3. Persuasion: Non-fiction texts often aim to persuade the reader to take a specific course of action or adopt a particular perspective. Students will develop their skills in building logical arguments and convincing others.
  4. Writing skills: Analyzing and discussing non-fiction texts helps students to refine their writing skills, including structure, organization, and use of evidence.

Examples of Non-fiction Texts in Class 12 English CBSE

  1. "The Autobiography of Malcolm X" by Malcolm X and Alex Haley
  2. "Anne Frank: The Diary of a Young Girl" by Anne Frank
  3. "Gandhi: An Autobiography or The Story of My Experiments with Truth" by Mahatma Gandhi
  4. "The Importance of Living" by Lin Yutang
  5. "The Communist Manifesto" by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels
  6. "The Great Gatsby" by F. Scott Fitzgerald (although fictional, the novel includes non-fictional elements and discussions)
  7. "The Selfish Gene" by Richard Dawkins
  8. "The God of Small Things" by Arundhati Roy (the novel includes non-fictional elements and discussions)

Strategies for Approaching Non-fiction Texts

  1. Identify the writer's purpose and audience: Understanding the writer's intended purpose helps students to engage with the text in a more meaningful way.
  2. Analyze the text's structure: Non-fiction texts often follow a specific structure, such as a chronological account or a persuasive argument. Identifying this structure will help students to navigate the text more easily.
  3. Evaluate the evidence presented: Non-fiction texts often include evidence to support the writer's claims. Analyzing the evidence will help students to assess the text's credibility and reliability.
  4. Develop a personal response: Engaging with non-fiction texts requires students to develop their own opinions and perspectives. Encouraging students to express their thoughts and feelings about the text will help them to develop their critical thinking skills.


Non-fiction texts are an integral part of Class 12 English CBSE, offering students an opportunity to engage with real-world issues and develop critical thinking skills. By analyzing and discussing non-fiction texts, students will develop a deeper understanding of the world around them, and refine their writing and communication skills. Whether they are studying autobiographies, biographies, essays, speeches, or any other genre of non-fiction, students will find that this aspect of the syllabus is both challenging and rewarding.

Explore the world of non-fiction texts in the Class 12 English CBSE syllabus, encompassing genres such as autobiography, biography, essay, criticism, and more. Understand the significance of non-fiction in developing critical thinking, empathy, persuasion, and writing skills. Learn strategies for approaching non-fiction texts to enhance comprehension and analysis.

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