Civil Procedure Code: Appeals and Revisions Overview Quiz
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Civil Procedure Code: Appeals and Revisions Overview Quiz

Test your knowledge about the key aspects of the Civil Procedure Code (CPC) including appeals and revisions in the Indian judicial system. Learn about the grounds for appeal, time limits, appellate courts, grounds for revision, time limits for revision, and revisional courts.

Created by
@PainlessSalamander

Questions and Answers

What is the purpose of the Civil Procedure Code (CPC)?

To ensure fairness and accessibility to justice in civil proceedings

In the context of the CPC, what is the purpose of an appeal?

To review the decision of a lower court

What are the grounds for filing an appeal under the CPC?

Any error of law apparent on the face of the record

When must an appeal be filed according to the CPC?

<p>Within 90 days from the date on which the next working day falls</p> Signup and view all the answers

What action may the appellate court take if the lower court has overlooked material or substantial evidence?

<p>The appellate court may allow the appeal</p> Signup and view all the answers

According to the CPC, what does an appeal primarily focus on?

<p>Reviewing errors of law apparent on the face of the record</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the key difference between appeals and revisions in the Indian judicial system?

<p>Appeals are based on the findings of fact, while revisions are based on errors of law.</p> Signup and view all the answers

Who has the final and binding authority in the case of a revision?

<p>The High Courts</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the time limit for filing a revision in India?

<p>90 days from the date of the order appealed against</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the jurisdiction for deciding on revisions in India?

<p>High Courts</p> Signup and view all the answers

Under what circumstances may a court allow a revision?

<p>If the court is satisfied that the case was heard on inadequate or insufficient evidence</p> Signup and view all the answers

What does a revision process review?

<p>The findings of fact</p> Signup and view all the answers

In which court can a person aggrieved by the decision of the High Court prefer a revision?

<p>The Supreme Court</p> Signup and view all the answers

What does a revision file itself based on?

<p><strong>Errors</strong> apparent on the face of the record</p> Signup and view all the answers

What does a revision not do according to Indian judicial system?

<p>Reappraise and weigh evidence afresh.</p> Signup and view all the answers

Who has access to fair, efficient, and effective legal remedies according to Civil Procedure Code in India?

<p>Legal professionals and individuals</p> Signup and view all the answers

Study Notes

Civil Procedure Code: An Overview

The Civil Procedure Code (CPC) is a set of rules and guidelines that govern the conduct of civil proceedings in courts of law. It provides a systematic and comprehensive framework for the resolution of disputes between parties, ensuring fairness, efficiency, and accessibility to justice. This article will focus on two key aspects of the CPC: appeals and revisions.

Appeals

An appeal is a legal process by which a higher court reviews the decision of a lower court. In the context of the CPC, appeals are handled in accordance with the provisions of the Code of Civil Procedure. Key points about appeals include:

  • Grounds for Appeal: An appeal can be filed on the grounds of any error of law apparent on the face of the record. The appellate court will not reappraise the evidence or weigh the evidence afresh. However, if the lower court has overlooked any material or substantial evidence, the appellate court may allow the appeal.

  • Time Limit for Filing an Appeal: An appeal must be filed within 90 days from the date of the order appealed against. If the order is passed on a regular working day, the appeal must be filed within 90 days from the date of the order. If the order is passed on a non-working day, the appeal must be filed within 90 days from the date on which the next working day falls.

  • Appellate Courts: The Indian judicial system consists of several appellate courts at various levels, such as the High Courts and the Supreme Court. The decision of the High Court is final and binding on all courts and tribunals in India, and any person aggrieved by the decision of the High Court may prefer an appeal to the Supreme Court.

Revisions

A revision is a legal process in which a higher court reviews the decision of an inferior court or tribunal. Unlike appeals, revisions are not based on the grounds of errors of law but are based on the findings of fact. Key points about revisions include:

  • Grounds for Revision: A revision can be filed on the grounds of any error apparent on the face of the record or any other sufficient ground. The court will not reappraise the evidence or weigh the evidence afresh. However, if the court is satisfied that the case was heard on inadequate or insufficient evidence, the court may allow the revision.

  • Time Limit for Filing a Revision: A revision must be filed within 90 days from the date of the order appealed against. If the order is passed on a regular working day, the revision must be filed within 90 days from the date of the order. If the order is passed on a non-working day, the revision must be filed within 90 days from the date on which the next working day falls.

  • Revisional Courts: The revisional jurisdiction lies with the High Courts, and the decision of the High Court is final and binding on all courts and tribunals in India. Any person aggrieved by the decision of the High Court may prefer a revision to the Supreme Court.

In conclusion, the Civil Procedure Code plays a crucial role in the administration of justice in India. Its provisions governing appeals and revisions ensure that parties have access to fair, efficient, and effective legal remedies. By understanding these key aspects of the CPC, individuals and legal professionals can navigate the Indian judicial system with confidence and accuracy.

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