Cirrhosis Complications

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25 Questions

Which lobe of the liver is affected in the end stage of cirrhosis?

Right lobe

What is the approximate percentage of patients with cirrhosis who develop hepatocellular carcinoma?

10%

What is a common complication of cirrhosis?

Esophageal varices with bleeding

What is a characteristic change in the liver in cirrhosis?

Thickening of the GB wall

What is the consequence of cirrhosis on the liver lobes?

Right lobe shrinks and left lobe enlarges

What type of lesion can be easily missed if it's very small?

Solid focal lesion

What is characteristic of a solid focal lesion's margins?

Ill-defined and irregular

What is the possible echogenic pattern of a solid focal lesion?

Hypoechoic, hyperechoic, isoechoic, or mixed

What is a common challenge in identifying a solid focal lesion?

Their small size

What type of echogenic pattern does a solid focal lesion never exhibit?

Anechoic

What is a common phenomenon observed in the portal vein?

Reversal flow

Why is Doppler scanning essential in portal vein examination?

To exclude any obstruction

What should be the primary consideration when scanning the portal vein?

Scanning with Doppler to exclude obstruction

What is the primary purpose of scanning the portal vein with Doppler?

To exclude any obstruction

What is a critical step in the examination of the portal vein?

Scanning with Doppler to exclude obstruction

What is the shape of the gallbladder?

Pear-shaped

What is the structure of the gallbladder's walls?

Thin and walled

Where is the gallbladder located in relation to the liver?

Below the liver

What is the primary function of the gallbladder?

To store bile

What is the relationship between the gallbladder and the liver?

The liver produces bile and the gallbladder stores it

What is the normal size limit of the Common Bile Duct (CBD)?

6mm

Where is the Common Bile Duct (CBD) located in relation to the portal vein?

Anterior to the portal vein

What is the Common Bile Duct (CBD)?

A tubular structure

What is the relationship between the Common Bile Duct (CBD) and the liver?

The CBD is separate from the liver

What is the function of the Common Bile Duct (CBD)?

To transport bile

Explore the complications of cirrhosis, including hepatocellular carcinoma and esophageal varices. Learn about the effects on liver lobes and potential bleeding.

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