Chemistry: Exploring Physical, Biochemical, and Organic Subfields

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निम्नलिखित में मिलाइए:

प्रकाशीय रसायन = प्रकाश से संबंधित प्रक्रिया का अध्ययन कैमिस्ट्री = ताप, दाब, और पृष्ठीय संपत्तियों के मैक्रोस्कॉपिक गुणों के संबंध में कुआंटम रसायन = परमाणु-तत्व की प्रकृति का अध्ययन सॉलिड स्‍tate chemistry = कक्षा, तरल, गैस, और वैद्युत‌्त‌्‌्‌्‌‌्‌‌्‌‌्‌‌‌्‌्‌्‌्‌‌‌‌्‌्‍ति से संबंधित प्रक्रिया का

मिलान कीजिए निम्नलिखित क्रियाओं को उनके विषय से:

रसायन भौतिकी = ऊर्जा के व्यवहार और परिवर्तन जैव रसायन शास्त्र = जीवित प्राणियों के अंदर होने वाले रासायनिक प्रक्रियाएं संघाती रसायन शास्त्र = कार्बन-संबंधी समीकरणों का अध्ययन महत्वपूर्ण रसायन = पदार्थों और ऊर्जा के व्यवहार, गुण, और परस्परक्रिया का अध्ययन

मेल-मेल कीजिए:

पेटेंसी = $10/2$

सही मेल-मेल:

प्रोसेस = $25 - 15$

मेल-मेल करें:

पूल = $25 - 15$

इन रसायन विज्ञान के क्षेत्रों को उनके मुख्य उपयोग के साथ मिलाने के लिए सही जोड़ी चुनें:

भौतिक रसायन = पदार्थों के संरचना और गुणधर्मों का अध्ययन जैव रसायन = मैक्रोमोलेक्यूल्स (प्रोटीन, न्यूक्लिक एसिड, कार्बोहाइड्रेट, लिपिड) का अध्ययन कार्बनिक रसायन = कार्बन-सम्मिलित कार्बन-समृद्ध यौकिकों के संतुलन, प्रतिक्रिया प्रक्रिया, गुण, और प्रतिक्रियाएं का अध्ययन प्रोतीक रसायन = पोषक पदार्थ परिवर्तन और संचय की मेटाबॉलिज्म (पोषक परिवर्तन और संचय) का अध्ययन

सही मेल के साथ हमले ।

प्रोटीन = DNA प्रतिलेपन, प्रतिलेखन, anuvad हाइड्रोकार्बन = सुलेख पृथक्‌ता RNA = परमाणु-लेप, परमाणु-लेखन, anuvad कार्बोहाइड्रेट = पृकृति संलेप, समुर प्रोतीक

नीति सं।

लिपिड = संकेत प्रक्रम, gene expression control DNA = पोषक परिवर्तन, संपह convertion कार्बोहाइड्रेट = पृकृति संलेप RNA = मैक्रोमोलेक्यूल्स

सही मेल 2

हाइड्रोकार्बन = Reactivity with oxygen प्रोतीक = Polar attraction, H bonding RNA = Sugar-phosphate backbone लिपिड = Nonpolar tail, Polar head

सही मेल 3

DNA = $5(7 + 3)$ RNA = $2^4$ Protein = $8/2(4+1)$ Carbohydrate = $ rac{12}{3}$

Study Notes


Chemistry is the scientific discipline concerning the properties, composition, structure, behavior, and interactions of elements and compounds, both synthetic and naturally occurring. It encompasses various branches that focus on specific aspects of matter and its transformations. This article explores three key subfields within chemistry: physical chemistry, biochemistry, and organic chemistry.

Physical Chemistry

Physical chemistry is concerned with the relationship between physical measurements (like temperature and pressure) and the macroscopic properties of matter. It involves studying the behaviors, properties, and interactions of various types of matter and energy, such as solids, liquids, gases, and electromagnetic radiation. Some fundamental principles studied in physical chemistry include thermodynamics (the behavior and changes of energy), kinetics (how fast chemical reactions occur), and quantum mechanics (the atomic and subatomic nature of matter and energy). Understanding these concepts helps chemists predict changes in chemical systems and design new materials or processes based on desired outcomes.


Biochemistry is the branch of chemistry that focuses on the chemical processes that occur within living organisms, including cells, tissues, organs, and other complex systems. It combines knowledge from chemistry, biology, and genetics to understand the molecular basis of physiological processes, diseases, and evolution. Key areas of study in biochemistry include macromolecules (proteins, nucleic acids, carbohydrates, lipids), metabolism (nutrient conversion and storage), genetic information transfer (DNA replication, transcription, translation), and cell regulation (signaling pathways, gene expression control). This interdisciplinary field provides valuable insights into the functioning of life at a molecular level, helping scientists develop targeted therapies, diagnostic tests, and fundamental understandings of biology.

Organic Chemistry

Organic chemistry is the branch of chemistry that deals with the synthesis, reaction mechanisms, properties, and reactions of carbon-containing organic compounds, which often contain hydrocarbons, alcohols, ethers, aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acids, amines, esters, and nitriles. It also includes volatile compounds like essential oils, resins, and natural products. Organic chemists investigate the bonding, reactivity, and arrangement of atoms within organic compounds using analytical techniques and theoretical approaches to explain the observed phenomena. They develop new methods for producing organic materials, drugs, and polymers through selective reactions, helping to meet societal demands for efficient, sustainable, and innovative solutions.


Understanding these subfields of chemistry—physical chemistry, biochemistry, and organic chemistry—provides a comprehensive foundation for exploring the complexities of matter and its transformations. By studying these areas, chemists can uncover fundamental principles, develop new technologies, and make significant advancements in various applications, ultimately contributing to improvements in human health, energy production, and environmental sustainability.

Explore the subfields of chemistry: physical chemistry, biochemistry, and organic chemistry. Learn about the principles, applications, and significance of each branch in understanding matter and its transformations.

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