Cerebellar Lesions and Co-ordination Assessment Quiz

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32 Questions

What is the purpose of using the Glabellar sign in the context of Parkinson's disease?

To evaluate motor system integrity

Which of the following is NOT a key sign to observe during a gait examination?

Footwear choice

What does a wide gait during walking suggest in terms of potential cause?

Cerebellar ataxia

Which gait abnormality is associated with lifting the leg higher than normal?

Steppage gait

What does leg scissoring and circumduction during walking indicate?

Spastic leg

Which test involves the patient walking heel-to-toe on a line to highlight gait abnormalities?

Tandem gait test

Which type of muscle atrophy is considered a profound form and is associated with lower motor neuron lesions?

Denervation atrophy

What are fasciculations, and with which disorder are they commonly seen?

Random muscle contractions; Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

Which type of abnormal spontaneous movement involves brief, irregular, twisting movements and is caused by basal ganglia?

Chorea

Resting tremor is characteristic of which neurological condition?

Parkinson's disease

What defines muscle tone?

Resistance of muscle to passive stretch

What type of muscle atrophy can be seen in conditions such as upper motor neuron disease, corticosteroid use, and collagen vascular disorders?

Disuse atrophy

Which test is performed to evaluate pronator drift in the upper extremities?

Hoffman's sign

What sensory modalities are typically evaluated during cortico-sensory function assessment?

Stereognosis and graphesthesia

During a sensory examination, how is proprioception evaluated?

By assessing position sense at interphalangeal joints

What does it imply if a patient falls to one side during the Romberg test?

Dysfunction of the balance system

How is vibration assessed during a sensory examination?

Placing a tuning fork on bony prominences

What does Hoffman's sign indicate during a neurological examination?

Upper motor neuron dysfunction

Which test is used to examine the reflexes of the upper limbs?

Hoffman's sign

What is assessed by moving a relaxed limb through a range of motion?

Sensory perception

In the sensory examination, what does protopathic sensation typically include?

Temperature perception and poorly localized touch perception

Which type of sensation is evaluated by placing a low frequency tuning fork onto bony prominences?

Vibration perception

What type of reflex is the Babinski sign considered?

Pathologic reflex

Which test assesses the integrity of the vestibular system by observing arm drift?

Past pointing

What is the main purpose of the Snout reflex test?

Detect dysfunction based on lip puckering

Which of the following can indicate a lesion in the corticospinal tract?

Upward flexion of toes in response to sole stimulation

What does the Palmomental reflex test assess for?

Motor area of the frontal lobe

Which of the following tests is specifically used to evaluate truncal stability?

Balance observation when sitting

What does the Glabellar sign indicate when repeatedly tapping the forehead between eyebrows?

Frontal lobe dysfunction

Which reflex is an important indicator of upper motor neuron weakness but has limited interobserver reliability?

Babinski sign

What does the Grasp reflex indicate when testing the patient's palm skin with fingers?

Disease of the motor area of the frontal lobe

What is tested by observing speed, accuracy, and tremor during the finger-to-nose test?

Cerebellar lesion

Test your knowledge on assessing co-ordination and identifying lesions in the cerebellum. Learn about truncal stability and limb co-ordination testing techniques for detecting deficits in motor pathways. Perfect for medical students and healthcare professionals.

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