CBSE Class 10 Social Science History Quiz

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12 Questions

Which ancient Indian dynasty was known for its excellence in arts, architecture, and naval power?


What is a key feature that characterized the Vijayanagara Empire?

Religious tolerance and arts patronage

Who founded the Mughal Empire and what is one of their enduring legacies in India?

Babur - Establishment of Taj Mahal

Which European power gradually assumed formal sovereignty over India in the 19th century?


Who played a crucial role in India gaining independence from British rule in 1947?

Mahatma Gandhi

Which empire left a legacy of centralized administrative system in India?


Which ancient civilization is known for its spiritual texts, the Vedas, and the birth of Hinduism?

Vedic Civilization

Who led the Mauryan Empire and oversaw cultural and religious expansion, including Buddhism, across India?


During which period did the Chola, Chalukya, and Vijayanagara Empires flourish in Indian history?

850 CE to 1646 CE

Which empire laid the groundwork for the creation of the Mauryan Empire in 322 BCE?

Nanda Dynasty

Which ancient Indian civilization left behind enigmatic cities and artifacts that fascinate archaeologists to this day?

Indus Valley Civilization

Who consolidated the Magadha Empire before the rise of the Mauryan Empire?

Nanda Dynasty

Study Notes

CBSE Class 10 Social Science: History

Exploring India's rich past through the lens of the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) Class 10 Social Science curriculum, history offers an engaging and informative journey into our nation's heritage. Here, we'll delve into the key concepts, events, and personalities that make up this chapter of our collective knowledge.

Early Indian Civilization

The foundation of Indian history is laid in the epochal civilizations such as the Indus Valley Civilization and the Vedic Civilization. The Indus Valley Civilization, spanning from 2600 to 1900 BCE, left behind enigmatic cities and artifacts that continue to fascinate archaeologists to this day. The Vedic Civilization, dating from roughly 1500 to 500 BCE, is known for its spiritual texts, the Vedas, and the birth of Hinduism.

Ancient India: Magadha Empire and Mauryan Empire

The Magadha Empire, consolidated by the Nanda Dynasty, laid the groundwork for the creation of the powerful Mauryan Empire in 322 BCE. Led by Chandragupta Maurya and his grandson Ashoka, the Mauryan Empire stretched from Afghanistan to Bengal and was responsible for cultural and religious expansion, including Buddhism, across India.

Medieval India: Chola, Chalukya, and Vijayanagara Empires

The Chola, Chalukya, and Vijayanagara Empires, spanning the period from 850 CE to 1646 CE, were major political and cultural forces in Indian history. The Cholas, a Tamil dynasty, excelled in arts, architecture, and naval power. The Chalukyas, who ruled over large parts of central and southern India, were known for their patronage of art and architecture. The Vijayanagara Empire, one of the last major Hindu kingdoms in India, was notable for its religious tolerance and patronage of the arts.

Mughal Empire

The Mughal Empire, founded in 1526 by Babur, spanned across the Indian subcontinent until the early 18th century. The Mughals left a lasting legacy in the fields of art, architecture, and governance, including the creation of the famous Taj Mahal, and the establishment of a centralized administrative system in India.

British Rule

The British East India Company established a strong foothold in India during the late 18th and early 19th centuries, gradually expanding its control until it assumed formal sovereignty in 1858 following the Indian Rebellion of 1857.

Independent India

India gained formal independence from British rule on August 15, 1947, following a campaign spearheaded by figures such as Mahatma Gandhi and Subhas Chandra Bose, who fought for self-determination and the creation of a secular, democratic nation.


The CBSE Class 10 Social Science curriculum's history section presents an engaging and informative exploration of India's past, covering pivotal moments and figures that have shaped our nation's history and culture. Understanding these periods will provide students with a strong foundation in Indian civilization and history while also nurturing curiosity and a desire to learn more about India's rich and diverse cultural heritage.

Test your knowledge on India's rich past as per the CBSE Class 10 Social Science curriculum, covering key civilizations, empires, and historical events. From the Indus Valley Civilization to the Mughal Empire and British Rule, this quiz will explore significant moments in Indian history.

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