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Causes of WWI and WWII

Learn about the reasons behind World War I and World War II, two global conflicts that shaped the course of history. Understand the political tensions, militarism, imperialism, and alliances that led to these wars. Perfect for middle school students curious about history.

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Questions and Answers

FDR is best known for his implementation of the ______ Deal

New

Roosevelt's leadership during the Great Depression was marked by his willingness to experiment with bold and innovative ______

policies

As President during World War II, Roosevelt played a crucial role in leading the United States through the ______

conflict

Roosevelt was elected to four terms as President, making him the only President to serve more than two ______

<p>terms</p> Signup and view all the answers

FDR's leadership style, characterized by optimism, empathy, and ______, continues to inspire leaders and policymakers today

<p>pragmatism</p> Signup and view all the answers

Public opinion in the United States strongly supported American involvement in WWII following the attack on ______

<p>Pearl Harbor</p> Signup and view all the answers

World War I (WWI) was fought primarily between the Allied Powers and the Central Powers from 1914 to 1918. The war was sparked by a complex web of political tensions, militarism, imperialism, and ______.

<p>alliances</p> Signup and view all the answers

The immediate cause of World War I was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary in ______.

<p>1914</p> Signup and view all the answers

Archduke Franz Ferdinand, the heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, was assassinated in Sarajevo, Bosnia, by Gavrilo Princip, a Bosnian Serb ______.

<p>nationalist</p> Signup and view all the answers

The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand was carried out by Princip and other members of the Black Hand, a secret society promoting Serbian nationalism and the independence of South Slavic peoples from Austro-Hungarian ______.

<p>rule</p> Signup and view all the answers

Princip's motive for the assassination was to protest against Austro-Hungarian rule over Bosnia and Herzegovina, territories that were claimed by ______.

<p>Serbia</p> Signup and view all the answers

The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand exacerbated tensions between Austria-Hungary and Serbia, ultimately leading to the outbreak of ______ War I.

<p>World</p> Signup and view all the answers

America entered WWI in ______ primarily due to several factors: Unrestricted Submarine Warfare.

<p>1917</p> Signup and view all the answers

The term 'Great War' was used to describe World War I before the outbreak of World War ______.

<p>II</p> Signup and view all the answers

Woodrow Wilson initially pursued a policy of ______ but later advocated for American intervention.

<p>neutrality</p> Signup and view all the answers

The interception and decoding of the Zimmerman Telegram further inflamed American sentiment against ______.

<p>Germany</p> Signup and view all the answers

America became involved in WWII primarily due to the attack on Pearl Harbor by the Empire of ______ on December 7, 1941.

<p>Japan</p> Signup and view all the answers

During WWI, the major leaders included President Woodrow Wilson for the United States, Kaiser Wilhelm II for ______.

<p>Germany</p> Signup and view all the answers

Incidents such as the sinking of the Lusitania and the Zimmerman Telegram gradually shifted public opinion in favor of ______.

<p>intervention</p> Signup and view all the answers

Roosevelt led the United States through much of WWII, advocating for the defeat of the Axis Powers and the establishment of a post-war world order based on the principles of democracy and ______ security.

<p>collective</p> Signup and view all the answers

Woodrow Wilson advocated for American intervention to 'make the world safe for ______.'

<p>democracy</p> Signup and view all the answers

America had been supporting the Allied Powers through programs such as ______-Lease prior to its direct involvement in WWII.

<p>Lend</p> Signup and view all the answers

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Study Notes

Franklin D. Roosevelt

  • Led the country through the Great Depression and World War II
  • Implemented the New Deal, a series of programs and reforms to provide relief, recovery, and reform during the Great Depression
  • Established the Social Security system, Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC), and Works Progress Administration (WPA) to provide employment
  • Enacted banking and financial reforms
  • Provides strong leadership and support for the Allied Powers during World War II
  • Coordinated the war effort on the home front
  • Demonstrated diplomatic skills in building and maintaining the Grand Alliance against the Axis Powers

Four-Term Presidency

  • Elected to four terms as President, the only President to serve more than two terms
  • Elected in 1932, 1936, 1940, and 1944
  • Tenure in office marked by significant domestic and international challenges

Legacy of Leadership

  • Leadership style characterized by optimism, empathy, and pragmatism
  • Transformed the role of the federal government in the United States
  • Left a lasting impact on American society and politics

World War I (WWI)

  • Global conflict fought from 1914 to 1918 between the Allied Powers and the Central Powers
  • Sparked by a complex web of political tensions, militarism, imperialism, and alliances
  • Immediate cause was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary in 1914
  • Involved the mobilization of millions of soldiers from multiple continents, resulting in immense casualties and devastation

America's Entry into WWI

  • Entered WWI in 1917 primarily due to:
    • Unrestricted Submarine Warfare by Germany
    • Zimmerman Telegram proposing a military alliance with Mexico against the United States
    • Economic interests threatened by the war in Europe

World War II (WWII)

  • Global conflict fought from 1939 to 1945 involving most of the world's nations
  • America became involved in WWII primarily due to the attack on Pearl Harbor by the Empire of Japan on December 7, 1941
  • Supported the Allied Powers through programs such as Lend-Lease prior to direct involvement
  • Major leaders included President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Adolf Hitler, Joseph Stalin, Winston Churchill, and Hideki Tojo

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