Causes of World War 1
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Causes of World War 1

Explore the 4 major causes that led to the outbreak of World War 1 in Europe, starting in 1914 and involving the U.S.A. in 1917. Learn about Militarism, Alliance System, Imperialism, and Nationalism as key factors contributing to the war.

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Questions and Answers

What event caused Austria-Hungary to declare war on Serbia in 1914?

The assassination of Archduke Ferdinand and his wife by a man from Serbia.

What was the main reason for the U.S.A. to finally enter World War I?

The sinking of the British passenger ship Lusitania by a German U-boat, resulting in the death of 128 Americans.

What were the 4 major causes of World War 1?

Militarism, Alliance System, Imperialism, Nationalism

What kind of warfare characterized the fighting on the Western Front during World War I?

<p>Trench Warfare.</p> Signup and view all the answers

What did the Zimmerman Note offer to Mexico in exchange for attacking the USA?

<p>Germany offered Mexico lands in the southwestern USA.</p> Signup and view all the answers

What was the purpose of the Alliance System in Europe?

<p>To aid nations if they were attacked</p> Signup and view all the answers

What were some of the new weapons introduced during World War I?

<p>Machine guns, poison gas, submarines, airplanes, and tanks.</p> Signup and view all the answers

How did Imperialism contribute to the tensions that led to World War 1?

<p>By nations trying to increase their economic power and influence, leading to conflicts</p> Signup and view all the answers

What was the effect of Nationalism on the outbreak of World War 1?

<p>Strong devotion to one's nation led to conflicts with other nations</p> Signup and view all the answers

When did the U.S.A. become involved in World War 1?

<p>1917</p> Signup and view all the answers

What event ignited World War I by causing Austria-Hungary to declare war on Serbia?

<p>The assassination of Archduke Ferdinand</p> Signup and view all the answers

What was the impact of the 'Zimmerman Note' on American sentiment towards entering World War I?

<p>Led to an outcry for war</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which country's actions, related to Freedom of the Seas, directly influenced the U.S.A.'s entry into World War I?

<p>Germany</p> Signup and view all the answers

What key factor contributed to the development of trench warfare during World War I?

<p>New weapons like machine guns and tanks</p> Signup and view all the answers

How did nationalism contribute to the conflict in World War I?

<p>It created fighting among nations</p> Signup and view all the answers

What was a major reason for military leaders feeling the need to attack first in World War 1?

<p>To avoid the time it took to mobilize troops</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which region controlled by European nations faced challenges in maintaining colonial empires before World War 1?

<p>Africa</p> Signup and view all the answers

What was a key characteristic of the Alliance System before World War 1?

<p>Military agreements to aid each other if attacked</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following became a status symbol in Europe before World War 1?

<p>Wearing military gear</p> Signup and view all the answers

What was the primary motivation behind Imperialism as a cause of World War 1?

<p>Control over weaker nations for resources</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which term describes a strong devotion to one's own nation, excluding others, as seen before World War 1?

<p>'Nationalism'</p> Signup and view all the answers

What was a consequence of nations trying to increase their economic power around the world before World War 1?

<p>Conflicts and war due to economic pursuits</p> Signup and view all the answers

Why did Europeans feel proud of wearing military gear even if they were not in the military before World War 1?

<p>'Militarism'</p> Signup and view all the answers

'Imperialism' before World War 1 involved controlling weaker nations primarily for which purpose?

<p>'Resource extraction and market access'</p> Signup and view all the answers

'Alliance System' before World War 1 included agreements mainly related to which aspect?

<p>'Military support if attacked'</p> Signup and view all the answers

'Militarism' before World War 1 led to what change in military strategies?

<p>'Attacking first rather than waiting'</p> Signup and view all the answers

'Nationalism' as a cause of World War 1 represented what type of devotion?

<p>'Devotion to one's own nation excluding others'</p> Signup and view all the answers

What was the main reason for America's entry into World War I?

<p>Germany broke their promise not to sink neutral ships</p> Signup and view all the answers

What triggered Austria-Hungary's declaration of war on Serbia in 1914?

<p>Assassination of Archduke Ferdinand</p> Signup and view all the answers

What new weapons were introduced during World War I according to the text?

<p>Poison gas and submarines</p> Signup and view all the answers

What did Germany offer Mexico in the Zimmerman Note?

<p>Lands in the southwestern USA</p> Signup and view all the answers

What was the impact of Trench Warfare during World War I?

<p>It resulted in high casualties due to the nature of warfare</p> Signup and view all the answers

How did nationalism contribute to the outbreak of World War I?

<p>By encouraging ethnic groups to form their own countries</p> Signup and view all the answers

Why did Germany resume Unrestricted Submarine Warfare during World War I?

<p>To sink neutral ships violating their blockade</p> Signup and view all the answers

'No man's land' in World War I was characterized by:

<p>'Separation by barbed wire and land mines'</p> Signup and view all the answers

'The Match That Lit the Fuse' refers to:

<p>'Ferdinand's assassination sparking World War I'</p> Signup and view all the answers

'Alliance System Takes Down Europe' suggests that:

<p>'Nations were forced into war because of alliances'</p> Signup and view all the answers

'Causes of USA’s Involvement in the War' highlights that:

<p>'US ties with both Britain and France deepened'</p> Signup and view all the answers

Study Notes

Causes of World War 1

  • World War 1 started in Europe in 1914, but the U.S.A. did not join until 1917.

Militarism

  • Build-up of military forces and a culture of admiring military discipline and war.
  • Europeans were accustomed to seeing people in uniform, even if they were not in the military.
  • Wearing military gear became a status symbol.
  • Military leaders believed it was better to attack first rather than wait to be attacked, due to the time it took to mobilize troops.

Alliance System

  • Agreements between nations to aid one another if they were attacked.
  • By the 1890s, Europe was divided into two alliances:
    • Central Powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary, and the Ottoman Empire)
    • Allied Powers (Great Britain, France, and Russia)

Imperialism

  • Controlling a weaker nation as a source of raw materials and as a market for products.
  • European nations tried to increase their economic power and influence around the world, leading to conflicts and war.
  • Many European nations controlled colonies in Africa and Southeast Asia, making it difficult to maintain colonial empires.

Nationalism

  • Strong devotion to one's own nation, culture, and interests, to the exclusion of other nations.

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