Biomedical Engineering Introduction Quiz

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23 Questions

What is an example of a task that biomedical engineers might get involved in?

Designing a specialized brace for an individual

What is NOT a characteristic of design according to the text?

Involves the generation of knowledge

What is a possible responsibility of biomedical engineers mentioned in the text?

Designing implant devices for diabetes treatment

What is a vital aspect that biomedical engineers are expected to have experience in according to the text?

Design principles for problem-solving

Which term does NOT reflect the understanding of design according to the text?

Craftsmanship

What aspect of design may involve optimization and innovation?

Re-engineering

What is the meaning of 'product' in the design context discussed?

Hardware, service, or mission

Which part of the Generalized Flowchart for Design Process includes 'Why'?

What, Who, Where, When, Why

In the National Academy of Science design process, what does 'Concept development' involve?

Brainstorming on product & process alternatives

What is NOT included in the Product specification phase according to the National Academy of Science?

High-level engineering analysis

What is the purpose of Mission requirements analysis in the NAS design process?

Requirements definition for product and system strategy

Which phase in the NAS design process involves 'target setting' and 'brainstorming on product & process alternatives'?

Concept development

What type of system might be developed for improving patient record-keeping?

A comprehensive pain clinic data collection system

Which device could be designed for a spinal cord-injured patient?

An adjustable tray

What might involve the study of patient flow in an emergency room?

Development of a voice training system for Parkinson's disease patients

Which system could assist in wheelchair propulsion systems through biofeedback?

Biofeedback system

What might be designed to regulate laparoscopic band pressure?

Device for laparoscopic band pressure regulation

Which design might involve the development of a prostate cancer screening test?

Development of a prostate cancer screening test

What is the purpose of the development of designs for components, subsystems & manufacturing in the design process described?

To predict and evaluate attributes

What is one of the concerns mentioned in the text regarding design problems?

Ambiguity in defining the problem

What is a common feature of the design process according to the text?

Iterative nature of the design

What is the final step in the design process outlined in the text?

Operation, support, maintenance, disposal

Which stage involves refining the process for manufacture in the design process timeline provided?

Preparation for production

Study Notes

Biomedical Engineering

  • Biomedical engineering is a broad field that involves application of engineering principles to medical devices, systems, and processes.
  • Biomedical engineers are expected to have knowledge of medical devices, their design, regulation, and use, as well as safety aspects.

What is Design?

  • Design is not research or craftsmanship, but involves the integration of knowledge to accomplish a task.
  • Design may require research, and involves devices, processes, re-engineering, systems, optimization, regulations, finances, innovation, and invention.

Design Principles

  • Verb: invent, intend, devise
  • Noun: drawing, arrangement, pattern, plan, art of making designs

What Might be Designed?

  • Optimization of T cell trapping in a microfluidic device
  • Biomedical devices (e.g. patient brace, tracking device, hand exerciser)
  • Biomedical systems (e.g. patient record-keeping system, vaccine database system)
  • Biomedical processes (e.g. patient flow in an emergency room, patient communication in a breast cancer clinic)

Basic but Essential Questions

  • Who?
  • What?
  • Where?
  • When?
  • Why?
  • How?

Design Process

  • Generalized flowchart for design process includes:
    • What, Who, Where, When, Why
    • How
    • Go/No-go decision
  • National Academy of Science (NAS) design process includes:
    • Mission requirements analysis
    • Product specification
    • Concept development
    • Preliminary product and process design
    • System prototype development
    • Preparation for production
    • Production, testing, certification, delivery
    • Operation, support, maintenance, disposal

Other Design Concerns

  • Retracing if problem is ill defined
  • Excessive documentation
  • Human patients, animal studies, permissions
  • Design is often iterative
  • Delving into already patented information bases
  • Teamwork, finances, reality

Test your knowledge on the introduction to biomedical engineering, covering topics like the scope, responsibilities, and safety aspects in the field. This quiz is based on Chapter 1 of Dr. Bassam Al-Naami's lecture on March 3, 2024.

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