Basic Legal Definition of Crime in Western Society

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According to William Chambliss, what is the primary difference between instrumental and expressive crime?

The motive behind the crime

How does Edwin Sutherland define crime?

As behavior that is learned through interactions with others

According to Julia and Herman Schwendinger, how do they define crime?

As any act that causes harm or injury regardless of legal definition

How does Thorstein Sellin define crime?

As a violation of societal norms

What is one shared point of convergence between sociological and legal definitions of crime?

Recognition of harm caused by criminal behavior

Why do sociologists justify defining crime independently of criminal law?

To account for behaviors not captured by criminal laws

What does the legality principle state?

An act is not a crime unless it is prohibited by law beforehand.

Which aspect is included in the substantive definition of crime?

Specific behaviors or actions deemed legal in a legal system.

According to the basic definition, what is crime a violation of?

Formally enacted criminal law.

What does the legality principle imply about punishment?

It can only be imposed if the conduct was declared criminal before it occurred.

What is the focus of the substantive definition of crime?

Intentional acts of human conduct causing harm and subject to punishment.

According to William Chambliss, what distinguishes instrumental and expressive crimes?

The intent behind the crime.

Explore the fundamental legal definition of crime in Western society, which is any act or omission that violates a law and results in a punishment by the state. Learn about the legality principle that states an act is not a crime unless expressly prohibited by law.

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