Aztec Society Establishment

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17 Questions

The Aztecs were established by an American tribe called the ______.

Mexica

The Aztecs believed they were led by their god ______.

Huitzilopochtli

In Aztec society, the ______ had the most power and wealth.

Nobles

The ______ were the next rank down from the nobles.

Warriors

The ______ worked as farmers, fishermen, and tradespeople.

Commoners

The ______ were owned by mainly nobles and were usually prisoners of war.

Slaves

Hernan ______ was the one who found the Aztecs.

Cortes

The Aztecs thought Cortes was a ______ sent by the gods.

Prophet

Cortes put ______ under house arrest.

Moctezuma

Match the following ranks in Aztec society with their descriptions:

Nobles = Governing the state, creating laws, and wearing fine clothing Warriors = Working as farmers, fishermen, and tradespeople Commoners = Highly respected and next rank down from the nobles Slaves = Owned by mainly nobles and usually prisoners of war

Match the following individuals with their roles in the Aztec-Spanish encounter:

Hernan Cortes = Leader of the Aztec tribe Moctezuma = Spanish conquistador who led the invasion of Aztec territory Huitzilopochtli = Prophet sent by the gods according to the Aztecs Cortes' men = Captured Aztec warriors

Match the following events with their corresponding outcomes:

Cortes' arrival in Tenochtitlan = Moctezuma was put under house arrest The Aztecs welcomed Cortes = Cortes feared they would be sacrificed to their gods Cortes' departure from Tenochtitlan = The Aztecs became resentful of the Spanish religion The Spanish attempted to flee = The Aztec warriors killed about 5000 Spanish

Match the following groups with their rights and privileges in Aztec society:

Nobles = Wearing fine clothing, jewellery, and feathers Warriors = Governance and law creation Commoners = Working as farmers, fishermen, and tradespeople Slaves = Inheriting their parents' social status

Match the following events with their corresponding motivations:

Cortes' search for the Aztecs = Hearing legends about gold The Aztecs' welcoming of Cortes = Thinking he was a prophet sent by the gods Cortes' putting Moctezuma under house arrest = Fearing an attack from the Aztecs The Aztecs' attack on the Spanish = Resentment of the Spanish religion and demand for gold

Match the following social structures with their characteristics:

Ranks in Aztec society = Divided into nobles, warriors, commoners, and slaves Spanish conquistadors = Divided into leaders, warriors, and commoners Aztec community = Governed by the nobles and ruled by Moctezuma Mexica tribe = Established by Hernan Cortes

Match the following occasions with their corresponding events:

The festival of Huitzilopochtli = The Aztecs packed the town square Cortes' departure from Tenochtitlan = The Spanish attempted to flee The Aztecs' first encounter with the Spanish = Moctezuma was put under house arrest The Spanish conquest of Aztec territory = The Aztec warriors killed about 5000 Spanish

Match the following consequences with their corresponding actions:

Moctezuma's loss of power = Cortes' putting him under house arrest The Aztecs' resentment of the Spanish = Cortes' constant demand for gold The Spanish fleeing from Tenochtitlan = The Aztecs' attack on the Spanish The Aztec warriors killing 5000 Spanish = Cortes' attempt to rule the Aztecs through Moctezuma

Study Notes

Establishment of Aztec Society

  • The Mexica tribe, an American tribe, established Aztec society in search of fertile land, guided by their god Huitzilopochtli.

Aztec Social Hierarchy

  • The Aztecs were divided into ranks:
    • Nobles: held most power and wealth, governed the state, created laws, and wore fine clothing, jewelry, and feathers.
    • Warriors: highly respected and ranked next to nobles.
    • Commoners: worked as farmers, fishermen, and tradespeople.
    • Slaves: owned by nobles, usually prisoners of war, with limited social mobility, except for children who moved to commoners.

First Contact with the Spanish

  • Hernan Cortes led the Spanish expedition to the Aztecs, searching for gold based on legend.
  • The Aztecs welcomed Cortes, believing he was a prophet sent by the gods.
  • Cortes put Moctezuma under house arrest, attempting to rule through him, but this failed due to Aztec resentment towards Spanish religion and demands for gold.

Conflict and Conquest

  • Cortes left Tenochtitlan to settle a dispute, but returned to find his men captured and ready to overthrow Moctezuma.
  • The Spanish attacked the Aztecs during the Festival of Huitzilopochtli, leading to a massive Aztec counterattack that killed 5000 Spanish.
  • Cortes returned with a larger army and cannons, cutting off Tenochtitlan's water supply and blocking borders.
  • Unbeknownst to Cortes, smallpox had already killed half of Tenochtitlan's population.
  • Cortes captured and tortured the new ruler, Guatemec, for information on Aztec gold, and then ordered the destruction of Tenochtitlan and its citizens.

Establishment of Aztec Society

  • The Mexica tribe, an American tribe, established Aztec society in search of fertile land, guided by their god Huitzilopochtli.

Aztec Social Hierarchy

  • The Aztecs were divided into ranks:
    • Nobles: held most power and wealth, governed the state, created laws, and wore fine clothing, jewelry, and feathers.
    • Warriors: highly respected and ranked next to nobles.
    • Commoners: worked as farmers, fishermen, and tradespeople.
    • Slaves: owned by nobles, usually prisoners of war, with limited social mobility, except for children who moved to commoners.

First Contact with the Spanish

  • Hernan Cortes led the Spanish expedition to the Aztecs, searching for gold based on legend.
  • The Aztecs welcomed Cortes, believing he was a prophet sent by the gods.
  • Cortes put Moctezuma under house arrest, attempting to rule through him, but this failed due to Aztec resentment towards Spanish religion and demands for gold.

Conflict and Conquest

  • Cortes left Tenochtitlan to settle a dispute, but returned to find his men captured and ready to overthrow Moctezuma.
  • The Spanish attacked the Aztecs during the Festival of Huitzilopochtli, leading to a massive Aztec counterattack that killed 5000 Spanish.
  • Cortes returned with a larger army and cannons, cutting off Tenochtitlan's water supply and blocking borders.
  • Unbeknownst to Cortes, smallpox had already killed half of Tenochtitlan's population.
  • Cortes captured and tortured the new ruler, Guatemec, for information on Aztec gold, and then ordered the destruction of Tenochtitlan and its citizens.

Learn about the formation of Aztec society, daily life, and the social hierarchy of the Aztecs, including the nobles, warriors, and other ranks.

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