Autonomic Nervous System Quiz
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Autonomic Nervous System Quiz

Test your knowledge about the autonomic nervous system with this quiz covering the definition of ANS, its divisions, and the functions of the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems. Created by Prof. Dr. Nanees, Assistant Professor at Sinai University.

Created by
@ConvincingTonalism

Questions and Answers

What is the main function of the autonomic nervous system (ANS)?

Regulates involuntary body functions

Which type of neuron arises from the central nervous system and terminates on autonomic ganglia?

Preganglionic neuron

How many big systems is the autonomic nervous system divided into?

Two

From which spinal cord segments does the sympathetic nervous system arise?

<p>All thoracic and L1,2,3 segments</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following is a function of the sympathetic nervous system with respect to structures of the head and neck?

<p>Mydriasis: dilatation of the pupil</p> Signup and view all the answers

What are autonomic ganglia comprised of?

<p>Group of nerve cells outside the CNS</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the effect of the sympathetic nervous system on coronary blood vessels?

<p>Vasodilation</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which cranial nerves are part of the parasympathetic nervous system?

<p>V, VII, IX</p> Signup and view all the answers

What does the vagus nerve (X) do to the heart?

<p>Inhibits all properties of cardiac muscles</p> Signup and view all the answers

What effect does the sympathetic nervous system have on the skin blood vessels?

<p>Vasoconstriction</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which spinal cord segments are associated with the parasympathetic nervous system?

<p>S2, S3, S4</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the function of the oculomotor nerve (III) in relation to the eye?

<p>Constriction of the pupil</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the effect of the sympathetic nervous system on insulin secretion from the pancreas?

<p>Inhibits insulin secretion</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the function of the glossopharyngeal nerve (IX) in relation to the salivary glands?

<p>Stimulates salivary secretion</p> Signup and view all the answers

Study Notes

Autonomic Nervous System (ANS)

  • The main function of the ANS is to regulate involuntary actions, such as heart rate, blood pressure, and digestion.

Neurons and Ganglia

  • Preganglionic neurons arise from the central nervous system and terminate on autonomic ganglia.
  • Autonomic ganglia are comprised of clusters of neurons that act as relay stations for the ANS.

Division of ANS

  • The ANS is divided into two major systems: the sympathetic nervous system and the parasympathetic nervous system.

Sympathetic Nervous System

  • The sympathetic nervous system arises from the thoracic and lumbar regions of the spinal cord (T1-L2).
  • It stimulates the "fight or flight" response, preparing the body for physical activity.
  • In the head and neck, the sympathetic nervous system dilates pupils, increases sweat production, and constricts blood vessels.
  • It causes vasoconstriction of coronary blood vessels, reducing blood flow to the heart.
  • The sympathetic nervous system constricts skin blood vessels, reducing blood flow to the skin.

Parasympathetic Nervous System

  • The parasympathetic nervous system arises from the brainstem and sacral regions of the spinal cord (S2-S4).
  • The vagus nerve (X) is part of the parasympathetic nervous system and slows down heart rate.
  • The oculomotor nerve (III) is responsible for pupillary constriction and accommodation in the eye.
  • The glossopharyngeal nerve (IX) stimulates salivary glands to produce saliva.

Effects of Sympathetic Nervous System

  • The sympathetic nervous system inhibits insulin secretion from the pancreas, reducing glucose uptake in cells.

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