Assessment of Respiratory Distress

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18 Questions

What is the typical shape of an infant's airway?

Funnel-shaped

At what age do the frontal sinuses develop?

Around 6 to 8 years old

What type of sound is produced when there is an obstruction at the base of the tongue or in the larynx?

Stridor

What is the characteristic of an infant's chest diameter?

Narrower than in adults

Why are infants more prone to respiratory distress?

Due to their small nares and obligate nose breathing

What is the term for the characteristic chest shape seen in chronic obstructive lung disease?

Pigeon chest

What is the primary irritant in asthma?

Environmental tobacco smoke

What is often the first indicator of respiratory distress in young children?

Tachypnea

What is a common therapy used to improve oxygenation in patients with respiratory disorders?

Oxygen administration

What is the characteristic of wheezing in asthma?

Best heard upon expiration

What is the primary purpose of chest physiotherapy in respiratory disorders?

To promote mucus clearance

What is the primary goal of oxygen therapy in asthma?

To help labored breathing and prevent hypoxemia

What is a common symptom of viral pharyngitis?

Rhinorrhea

What is the characteristic of lung collapse in preterm newborns?

Crying and O2 administration may aerate the alveoli

What is the diagnostic test for cystic fibrosis?

Sweat testing

Which of the following is NOT a recommended treatment for children with asthma?

Humidification

What is the primary purpose of incentive spirometry in respiratory disorders?

To improve lung function

What is the indication of secondary atelectasis?

Respiratory tract obstruction

This quiz assesses knowledge of signs of respiratory distress in children, including retraction, nasal flaring, and grunting. It also covers home treatments such as humidification and inhalation devices. Test your understanding of respiratory function and treatment options.

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