quiz image

CPAR 3rd Quarterly

SleekRealism avatar

Start Quiz

Study Flashcards

40 Questions

Who is known for the Bagay movement in poetry?

Jose F. Lacaba

Which literary work is an example of modern day literature from the text?

Diary ng Pangit

Who is considered the 'Mother of Philippine Theater Dance'?

Leonor Orosa-Goquingco

What genre of music in the Philippines began in the mid-1970s in Manila and is considered the forerunner to OPM?

Manila Sound

During which period did Philippine music evolve into a combination of classical and traditional music?

Post-War years

What is the primary distinction between graphic arts and plastic arts in visual arts?

Graphic arts are 2D arts, while plastic arts are 3D arts.

Which of the following is NOT a form of contemporary art mentioned in the text?

Abstract expressionism

What is the primary function of decorative arts, as mentioned in the text?

To be aesthetically pleasing and functional.

What was the name of the group that introduced modern visual art in the Philippines?

The Thirteen Modern

Which of the following elements of contemporary art involves the mixing of two or more elements or the use of unconventional materials?


Which of the following artists is NOT associated with the Abstract art movement in the Philippines?

Vicente Manansala

Which of the following materials was NOT commonly used in modern Philippine architecture after World War II?

Marble and limestone

Which of the following statements about the American Period in the Philippines is correct, based on the information provided?

Education was introduced, influencing art-making in the Philippines.

What was the primary purpose of the Baguio Art Guild and similar groups in the Philippines?

To organize workshops and exhibitions for young artists

Which architectural element was NOT mentioned as a staple in Philippine modern architecture during the 1950s and 1960s?

Domed roofs

Which of the following statements about contemporary art is true?

It emerged in the 1960s and reflects the complexities of our diverse, rapidly changing world.

What is the oldest form of art in the Philippines?

The Angono Petroglyphs Site, discovered by Carlos 'Botong' Francisco in 1965

Which of the following statements about the influence of Spanish colonization on Philippine arts is incorrect?

Architecture during this period predominantly used bamboo and nipa materials.

What is the primary difference between religious and secular arts?

Religious arts interpret religious ideologies, while secular arts are not affiliated with faith or a church.

Which of the following factors influenced the visual arts and architecture of ethnic groups in the Philippines?

Their geographical location and the availability of surrounding materials.

Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of post-war literature in the Philippines?


What type of literature emerged during the Martial Law period in the Philippines that directly criticized the government?

Protest literature

Which of the following authors is NOT associated with prison literature during the Martial Law period?

Francisco Arcellana

What architectural style was incorporated in buildings during the post-war period to provide protection against calamities like earthquakes?

A fusion of tropical and contemporary materials like steel

Which of the following statements is true about the Marcos Era (1965-1986) in terms of architectural development?

The construction of expressways, convention centers, hospitals, hotels, malls, high-rise buildings, and amusement centers was emphasized.

Which of the following is NOT a traditional theater form in the Philippines?


Which of the following statements about the Pre-War Years (1930s) in Philippine cinema is INCORRECT?

Filmmaking was considered purely an art form.

Which of the following events marked the birth of Philippine cinema?

All of the above.

During the 1950s Post-War Years, what characterized the Philippine film industry?

All of the above.

What marked the decline and struggle of the Philippine film industry in the 1960s?

All of the above.

During the 1980s, which term was coined to describe a genre of Filipino movies?

Bomba films

Which organization was established in 1981 to oversee the welfare of various guilds in the Philippine movie industry?

Film Academy of the Philippines

What did Nick Tiongson refer to as the 'Decade of the Dying Cinema'?


Which decade saw the emergence of 'pito-pito' films in the Philippine cinema industry?


In which year was the first digital film produced in the Philippines?


Which filmmaker was honored as a National Artist for Film in the Philippines?

Lino Brocka

What was a significant factor contributing to Philippine Cinema being considered 'sick and Dying' in the 2000s?

Digital film piracy

Which decade saw Philippines being ranked in the top 10 film producers worldwide?


'Bomba' and 'wet look' movies contributed to what ironic outcome in Filipino cinema during a specific era?

More violence and sexuality

Which organization aimed to promote growth and development of the local film industry in the Philippines during the 1980s?

Experimental Cinema of the Philippines

Study Notes

Post-War Architecture and Literature

  • Post-war era saw a blend of traditional structures with sanitary principles and modern materials like steel to ensure protection from calamities like earthquakes
  • Emphasis on sanitation redefined architecture in commercial buildings, real estate development, and residential houses
  • Upper-class houses were characterized by their large size and gardens

Marcos Era (1965-1986)

  • Construction of expressways, convention centers, hospitals, hotels, malls, high-rise buildings, and amusement centers
  • Introduction of escalators, elevators, air-conditioning systems, and computers
  • Growing demand for commercial buildings, two-story houses, multi-story tenements, and government housing projects

Cultural Heritage

  • Eco-tourism was introduced, with the development of themed parks and resorts in tourist spots like Palawan, Davao, Bohol, and Batangas
  • Cultural heritage was given attention, with notable architects like Pablo S. Antonio, Leandro Locsin, Juan Nakpil, and Ildefonso P. Santos contributing to the preservation of cultural landmarks


  • Post-war literature was dominated by writers educated and trained in the US or England
  • Main goals of writers' guilds were to produce the finest literary writers in the English language
  • Literary awards like the Don Carlos Palanca Memorial Awards for Literature (1950) and the PEN Center of the Philippines (1958) were established

Characteristics of Post-War Literature

  • Focus on self-consciousness and self-expression of the writer
  • Use of vernacular language (mother tongue) to depict the life of the working class
  • Writers like Nestor Vicente, Madali Gonzales, Nick Joaquin, Alejandro Roces, Francisco Arcellana, and Gregorio Brillantes were prominent during this period

Martial Law Literature (1972-1986)

  • Period of political unrest and strict control
  • Campus newspapers showed rebellious emotions, with writers expressing distaste, disagreement, or transgression against the government
  • Themes dealt with patience, regard for native culture, customs, and the beauties of nature and surroundings

Types of Martial Law Literature

  • Protest Literature: expresses distaste, disagreement, or transgression against the government
  • Proletarian Literature: written by working-class authors about the working class
  • Prison Literature: written by authors who are incarcerated or confined in secluded areas
  • Circumvention Literature: uses metaphors, allegories, symbolism, etc. to express social and political transgression

Post-EDSA Literature

  • The "Bagay" Movement: poetry that uses colloquial language and concrete images to describe experiences
  • Writers like Jose F. Lacaba, Rolando Tinio, Bienvenido Lumbera, and Antonio Samson contributed to this movement

Modern Day Literature

  • Literary works nowadays are gender-sensitive, exploring plurality of culture and challenging social activities

  • Technology plays an important role, with blogs and online stories being materialized into books

  • Women, lesbian, and gay writings continue to flourish and become recognized and accepted

  • Writers embark on translating their work into other languages or dialects, and translating foreign works into Filipino### Dance

  • Filipinescas Dance Company: founded by a modern dance pioneer, blending ballet with tap and jazz

  • Folk Dance: traditional social dances of ethnic groups, often performed at weddings and parties

  • Street Dance: vernacular dance that developed organically within a community

  • Social Dance: performed at social gatherings, such as weddings and parties


  • Representational Style: realistic, linear structure, and actors do not interact with the audience
  • Presentational Style: non-linear structure, and actors interact with the audience
  • Documentary Style: presents real-life events, inspiring critical questions about history, memory, and justice
  • BODABIL: a stage show popular during the Japanese era, featuring comedy, music, and acrobatics
  • Traditional Theater forms:
    • SARSWELA: lyric theater drama, comical, and incorporates singing, dancing, and dialogue
    • KOMEDYA: a colorful theatrical tradition used to spread Christianity
    • SINAKULO: stage re-enactment of Christ's passion and death


  • The Birth of Philippine Cinema: 1890-1900s, introduced by Spanish and American occupation
  • First Film: "Panorama de Manila Fiesta de Quiapo Puwente de Espana Escenas Callejeras" (1897)
  • Dalagang Bukid: the first movie made and shown by a Filipino filmmaker, Jose Nepomuceno (1919)
  • PRE-WAR YEARS (1930s): stories from theater and literature, with melodrama and romantic fantasies dominating
  • WAR YEARS (1940s): filmmaking struggled, with patriotic movies emerging
  • POST-WAR YEARS (1950s): Philippine Film Industry thrived, with four major studios producing 350 films a year
  • Decline and Struggle (1960s): contact artists established studios, and bomba movies emerged
  • Martial Law (1970s): freedom of expression was suppressed, and "bomba" movies proliferated
  • THE SECOND GOLDEN AGE OF PHILIPPINE MOVIES (1970s-1980s): quality films emerged, despite censorship
  • 1980s: the Philippines ranked among top 10 film producers in the world
  • 1990s: the "Decade of the Dying Cinema," with mass-produced, low-quality films and the rise of "pito-pito" films
  • 2000s to present: Philippine Cinema struggled, with the rise of independent cinema and digital filmmaking

Explore the rich history and evolution of art, from the ancient Angono Petroglyphs in the Philippines discovered in 1965 to the diverse and contemporary works by living artists. Learn about the development of arts, including ethnic traditions and the complex issues reflected in art today.

Make Your Own Quizzes and Flashcards

Convert your notes into interactive study material.

Get started for free
Use Quizgecko on...