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# Angles in Geometry: Types and Theorems

Created by
@IngenuousProtactinium

900 degrees

180 degrees

8 sides

### Which theorem helps in finding corresponding angles in pairs of parallel lines by comparing alternate interior angles?

<p>Alternate Interior Angles Theorem</p> Signup and view all the answers

### If two parallel lines are cut by a transversal, what can be said about corresponding angles according to the Corresponding Angles Theorem?

<p>They are supplementary</p> Signup and view all the answers

## Angles

Angles are formed when two noncollinear rays intersect and have a common endpoint called a vertex. They can be measured in degrees or radians and can help us make mathematical sense of geometric shapes. This article will explore the different types of angles and the angle theorems that describe their relationships.

### Types of Angles

There are several ways to classify angles based on how they measure up with respect to a straight line, also known as a ray. These classifications have practical applications when drawing maps and measuring real objects:

#### Acute Angle

An acute angle is any angle whose measurement is less than 90° or one-quarter turn. An example of an acute angle would be a right triangle's opposite angle to its hypotenuse.

#### Right Angle

A right angle is an angle that measures exactly 90°, which is equal to one-quarter turn. It represents a square corner in geometry.

#### Obtuse Angle

An obtuse angle is any angle that measures more than 90° but less than 180°. For example, if you drew a line from each end of the base of an isosceles triangle it forms an obtuse angle.

#### Straight Angle

A straight angle is equivalent to 180°. In trigonometry, this angle has special properties because it is always perpendicular, no matter what type of polygon it is part of.

#### Reflex Angle

A reflex angle is any angle that measures more than 180° but less than 360°. A full circle is 360°, so a reflex angle measures between 180° and 360°.

These classifications of angles allow us to categorize and understand them better. Now let's discuss some important angle theorems.

### Angle Theorems

Angle theorems provide information about the sum of interior angles in triangles and other polygons. Some key angle theorems include:

#### Angle Sum Theorem

The sum of all the interior angles of a polygon is always 180(n - 2), where n is the number of sides in the polygon.

For instance, a quadrilateral has four sides but only three interior angles since one of the vertices is a right angle. Therefore, the sum of the interior angles in a quadrilateral is 180(4 - 2) = 360, which matches the total angle measure of a rectangle.

#### Alternate Interior Angles Theorem

When parallel lines cut through alternate interior angles of another pair of congruent lines, those alternate interior angles are congruent.

This theorem helps us find corresponding angles in different pairs of parallel lines by comparing alternate interior angles.

#### Corresponding Angles Theorem

If two parallel lines are cut by a transversal, the alternate interior angles opposite the same two angles are congruent, while the corresponding angles alternate and are supplementary.

As we continue exploring the world of geometry, understanding these angle classifications and theorems will become increasingly valuable tools for making sense of various shapes and their properties.

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## Description

Explore the different types of angles in geometry, such as acute, right, obtuse, straight, and reflex angles. Learn about important angle theorems like the Angle Sum Theorem, Alternate Interior Angles Theorem, and Corresponding Angles Theorem. Understanding angles and their relationships is crucial for making sense of geometric shapes and properties.

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