Ancient Greek City-States Political Systems

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Which event marked the beginning of the Olympic Games?

Celebration of Zeus in 776 BCE

What political systems were experimented with by the Greek city-states during the Archaic period?

Dual kingship, aristocracy, brief tyranny, and democracy

What united the Greeks of the Archaic period despite their political differences?

Language, religion, and culture

In what year did some Greek city-states revolt against the Persians?

499 BCE

What happened to Darius' fleet when he sent it to subdue Athens and Sparta in 492 BCE?

The ships were destroyed in a storm

Which city-states resisted the Persian king's authority on the mainland?

Most Greek cities

What was the outcome of the Persian invasion of mainland Greece led by Darius?

Darius suffered a humiliating defeat at Marathon

How did Athens's naval strength under Themistocles impact the Greek-Persian relationship?

It shifted the balance of power towards the Greeks

What happened to Persia's territorial control after their defeat at Salamis?

They regained territory in western Anatolia

Which naval battle proved pivotal in the Greek victory over the Persians in 480 BCE?

Salamis

How did Themistocles' career path after the Persian defeat at Salamis demonstrate cultural complexities?

He joined the Persian king's service

In what way did Greek civil discord originate in the fifth century BCE according to the text?

As a result of Greeks regaining territory from Persia

What united the Greek city-states during the Archaic period?

Language, religion, and culture

Which political system was NOT experimented with by the Greek city-states during the Archaic period?

Monarchy

How did Greek-speaking people in some cities react to the Persian Empire?

Cooperated with the Persians and strongly resisted them

What event marked the beginning of the Olympic Games?

Honoring Zeus in 776 BCE

Which event led to condemnation of some Greek communities by others?

Greek communities that sided with the Persians

What was the outcome of Darius sending his fleet to subdue Athens and Sparta in 492 BCE?

The fleet was destroyed in a storm

Explore the political systems of the Greek city-states during the Archaic period, from the dual kingship of Sparta to the democracy of Athens. Learn about their shared language, religion, and culture that united them despite their political differences.

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