Ancient Civilizations Overview Quiz

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হারাপারা লোকজনের প্রধান কাজ কী ছিল?

উদ্ভিদ চাষ

প্রাচীন চীনের কোন কালে 'দোশ' গড়া?

Warring States Period

হারাপ্পা লোকজনের দরিদ্র অবস্থা, মানে 'দরিদ্র'?

নিরুৎসাহ

'Indus Valley Civilization' -ে -.2780-2200 BCE-. - -.2600-1900 BCE-. -'present-day Pakistan and northwestern India.-. - - -.urban planning-. - -.trade networks-. -.advanced sanitation systems-.?

'2300-1400 BCE'

মেসোপটেমিয়ার প্রথম বসতিগুলি কখন তৈরি হয়েছিল?

খ্রিস্টপূর্ব ৬৫০০ সালে

সুমেরীয়রা কোন শিল্পকর্মের জনক ছিল?

চাকা

সুমেরীয়দের সবচেয়ে বিখ্যাত স্মারক কোনটি?

উরের জিগ্গুরাত

হামুরাবির আইন সংহিতা কবে তৈরি করা হয়েছিল?

খ্রিস্টপূর্ব ১৭৬০ সালে

প্রাচীন মিশরের পুরাতন রাজবংশের সময়কাল কখন ছিল?

খ্রিস্টপূর্ব ২৬৮৬-২১৮১ সাল

অ্যাকাডিয়ান সাম্রাজ্য কখন শাসন করেছিল?

খ্রিস্টপূর্ব ২৩৩৪-২১৫৪ সালে

Study Notes

History of Ancient Civilizations

Ancient civilizations have shaped the course of human history through their achievements, innovations, and cultural contributions. These societies developed independently from one another across different regions of the world, each leaving unique marks on human civilization. Here is a brief overview of some of the most notable ancient civilizations:

Mesopotamia

Mesopotamia lies between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, presently located within modern Iraq. Its first settlements appeared around 6500 BCE when farmers domesticated wheat and barley. By 3500 BCE, Sumerians had created cities such as Uruk.

Sumerians

The Sumerians ruled Mesopotamia until about 1750 BCE. They introduced writing, which was initially pictographs and later became cuneiform. They also introduced the wheel, plow, and sailboat. The Sumerians' most famous monument is the ziggurat of Ur.

Akkadian Empire

The Akkadians ruled Mesopotamia from around 2334 to 2154 BCE. Their ruler Sargon established the empire by conquering the Sumerians. The Code of Hammurabi, created around 1760 BCE, was one of the first written law codes.

Ancient Egypt

Ancient Egypt spans from the pre-dynastic period (c. 6000 BCE) to the Roman conquest in 30 BCE. It is known for its monumental art and architecture.

Old Kingdom

The Old Kingdom (c. 2686-2181 BCE) was characterized by pyramid-building and the use of a more complex system of government. The Great Pyramids of Giza were built during this time.

Middle Kingdom

The Middle Kingdom (c. 2055-1650 BCE) was a period of peace, prosperity, and cultural accomplishments. It is noted for its literature and art.

New Kingdom

The New Kingdom (c. 1550-1077 BCE) saw a decline in pyramid building but an increase in temple construction. It also experienced foreign invasions, such as the Hyksos and Hittites.

Indus Valley Civilization

The Indus Valley civilization existed around 2600-1900 BCE, encompassing present-day Pakistan and northwestern India. It was known for its urban planning, trade networks, and advanced sanitation systems.

Harappans

Harappa is the most prominent city of this civilization. The people of Harappa were farmers who managed to grow crops even during times of drought through extensive irrigation systems. They also had a script but did not use it extensively.

Ancient China

Ancient China covers various periods from the Shang dynasty (c. 1600 BCE) to the end of the Han dynasty (220 CE). It was characterized by Confucianism, Daoism, and legalistic government.

Warring States Period

From 475-221 BCE, China was divided into seven states, leading to constant warfare. During this period, philosophers like Confucius and Laozi developed their teachings, which later became influential across East Asia.

Qin Dynasty

In 221 BCE, the powerful and centralized Qin Empire was established under Emperor Qin Shi Huang. This period saw the creation of the first imperial capital, Xianyang, with palaces and gardens inspired by Greek architecture.

These ancient civilizations have left profound impacts on human history that continue to influence our modern world. From language development to forms of governance, many aspects of contemporary society can trace their roots back to these early cultures.

Test your knowledge about the history of ancient civilizations including Mesopotamia, Ancient Egypt, Indus Valley Civilization, and Ancient China. Learn about the significant achievements, innovations, and cultural contributions of these early societies.

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