Anatomy of the Liver

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5 Questions

What is the approximate weight of the liver?

1.36 kg

Where is the liver located in the body?

Right-upper quadrant of the abdomen

How many major lobes does the liver have?

Two

What is the name of the vein that enters the liver from the intestine?

Hepatic portal vein

What is the name of the point on the inferior surface of the liver where the hepatic portal vein and hepatic artery enter?

porta

Study Notes

Liver Location and Structure

  • The liver is located in the right-upper quadrant of the abdomen, tucked against the inferior surface of the diaphragm.
  • The liver is the largest internal organ of the body, weighing approximately 1.36 kg.

Liver Lobes

  • The liver consists of four lobes: two major lobes (left hepatic and right hepatic) and two minor lobes (caudate and quadrate).

Porta Hepatis

  • The porta (gate) is located on the inferior surface of the liver.
  • The hepatic portal vein, which carries blood from the intestine, enters the liver at the porta.
  • The hepatic artery, which originates from the aorta, also enters the liver at the porta.
  • Two hepatic ducts exit the liver at the porta.

Learn about the structure and location of the liver, including its major and minor lobes, and the blood vessels that enter the liver.

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