Analysis of 'Paradise Lost' by John Milton

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10 Questions

Which English poet, known for advocating freedom of speech and press, wrote 'Paradise Lost'?

John Milton

In which year was 'Paradise Lost' first published with 10 books?

1667

Who among the fallen angels proposed building hell into a kingdom as a strategy to retaliate against God?

Mammon

What was Satan's ultimate goal in his plan to corrupt God's creations?

To take revenge on God

Who supported Beelzebub's plan to corrupt and destroy humans as a way to defy God?

Moloch and Mammon

Who were Satan's demonic offspring that aided him in creating a bridge between hell and Earth?

Sin and Death

What strategy did Belial propose during the council in Pandemonium?

To live in peace and accept their fate

What was the name of the city in hell where the fallen angels gathered for council?

Pandemonium

Which tree's fruit did Eve eat after being deceived by Satan, leading to her fall from grace?

The tree of knowledge

What was the primary motivation behind Satan's sympathetic portrayal in 'Paradise Lost'?

Milton's anti-monarchy views

Study Notes

  • "Paradise Lost" by John Milton is considered one of the greatest English poems, telling the stories of Adam and Eve's fall from grace and Satan's rebellion against God.
  • John Milton, born in 1608, was an English poet known for advocating freedom of speech and press, with his anti-monarchy views influencing his sympathetic portrayal of Satan in the poem.
  • The poem was first published in 1667 with 10 books, later expanded to 12 books in 1674, considered Milton's magnum opus.
  • Satan and the fallen angels are expelled from heaven into hell, where they plan to corrupt God's beloved creations, humans, as revenge.
  • Satan convinces the fallen angels to embrace their evil nature and constructs Pandemonium, a city in hell where they gather for council.
  • Various fallen angels like Moloch and Belial propose different strategies to retaliate against God, with Mammon suggesting building hell into a kingdom.
  • Beelzebub suggests corrupting and destroying humans as a way to defy God without another direct war in heaven, gaining support from the other fallen angels.
  • Satan leaves hell to find the prophesized new world (Earth) and is aided by Sin and Death, his demonic offspring, in creating a bridge between hell and Earth.
  • In Eden, Satan takes different disguises to deceive Adam and Eve, eventually leading Eve to eat the forbidden fruit from the tree of knowledge, leading to their fall from grace.
  • Raphael explains the consequences of disobedience through Satan's rebellion and fall in heaven to Adam, cautioning against following Satan's path.- Serpents are cursed to crawl on their belly, Adam's children to labor and hunt, Eve's children to give birth in pain and submit to husbands.
  • Satan returns to Hell victorious, greeted by Death and Sin who have built a bridge from Hell to Earth for faster travel.
  • Sin vows to corrupt humankind, Death to bring mortality; demons in Hell transformed into snakes, facing punishment.
  • Sin and Death arrive on Earth as promised, with God decreeing they must return to Hell on Judgment Day for eternal punishment.
  • Michael expels Adam and Eve from Eden, showing them the future of humanity; despite sin, redemption is promised.

Explore the epic poem 'Paradise Lost' by John Milton, focusing on themes of rebellion, temptation, and consequences. Delve into the characters like Satan, Adam, Eve, and the fallen angels, and learn about the structure and key events in this renowned masterpiece.

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