Airspace Classification

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10 Questions

Airspace usually consists of a surface area with a ______ NM radius.

5

Class C Airspace requires a ______ with Mode-C and two-way radio communication with the ATC.

transponder

If the pilot is operating under VFR, they must have at least ______ SM visibility.

3

In Class C Airspace, if the aircraft is operating below 10,000FT, the speed requirement is ______ knots.

250

Class D Airspace radius is typically ______ NM but may vary between 3NM and 7NM.

5

In Class D Airspace, student pilots require ______ way radio communication.

two

In Class C Airspace, IFR/IFR and IFR/VFR ______ are provided by ATC.

separation

In Class C Airspace, VFR traffic ______ are provided by ATC.

advisories

Class D Airspace typically extends from the surface to ______ feet above the airport elevation.

2,500

In Class C Airspace, if the aircraft is operating below 2,500FT AGL and within 4NM of the primary airport, the speed requirement is ______ knots.

200

Study Notes

Airspace Classification

  • Airspace is divided into categories based on level of air traffic, nature of operation, level of safety required, and national and public interest

Types of Airspace

  • Controlled Airspace
  • Uncontrolled Airspace
  • Special Use Airspace
  • Other Airspace

Prohibited Airspace

  • Military Operation Areas (MOA)
  • Warning areas
  • Alert areas
  • Controlled firing areas

Regulatory Airspace

  • Class A
  • Class B
  • Class C
  • Class D
  • Class E

Class A Airspace

  • Generally from 18,000 feet MSL up to and including FL 600
  • Pilots must operate under Instrument Flight Rules (IFR)
  • Separation is provided for all aircraft
  • Critical to change altimeter setting to 29.92 when climbing through 18,000 feet
  • Non-RVSM separation is 2,000' vertically, RVSM separation is 1,000' vertically

Class A Requirements

  • Pilot must be Instrument Rated
  • Instrument Flight Plan is required
  • Instrument Rated Aircraft
  • Two-Radio Communication
  • Transponder with Mode-C
  • No speed limitation

Class B Airspace

  • Generally from the surface to 10,000 feet MSL surrounding busy airports
  • Configuration of each Class B airspace area is individually tailored
  • Consists of a surface area and two or more layers

Class B Requirements

  • VFR minimum visibility: 3 SM visibility and clear of clouds
  • Private Pilot License (Student Pilot Logbook Endorsement)
  • Two-way Radio Communication
  • ATC Clearance to enter
  • Transponder with Mode-C
  • Speed requirements: 250 knots below 10,000FT MSL, 200 knots under the Class B airspace

Class C Airspace

  • Generally from the surface to 4,000 feet above the airport elevation (charted in MSL)
  • Surrounding airports that have an operational control tower and are serviced by a radar approach control

Class C Requirements

  • No specific certification required
  • Transponder with Mode-C
  • Two-way Radio Communication with the ATC
  • VFR requirements: 3SM visibility, 500FT below, 1,000FT above, and 2,000FT horizontally of any clouds
  • Speed requirements: 250 knots below 10,000FT MSL, 200 knots below 2,500FT AGL and within 4NM of the primary Class C airport

Class D Airspace

  • Generally from the surface to 2,500 feet above the airport elevation (charted in MSL)
  • Surrounding airports that have an operational control tower

Class D Requirements

  • Student Pilot
  • Two-way Radio Communication
  • Visibility must be at least 3SM, cloud clearance of 500FT below, 1,000FT above, and 2,000FT horizontally of any clouds

Class E Airspace

  • Generally, if the airspace is not Class A, B, C, or D, and is controlled airspace
  • IFR traffic in Class E airspace is controlled by ATC

Class E Requirements

  • Student Pilot License
  • Two-way Radio Communication
  • Below 10,000' MSL: 3 SM visibility, 500' below, 1,000' above, 2,000' horizontal
  • Above 10,000' MSL: 5 SM visibility, 1,000' below, 1,000' above, 1 SM horizontal
  • Separation is provided for IFR, SVFR, and runway operations
  • VFR separation is not provided unless flight following is being used
  • Speed requirements: 250 knots below 10,000' MSL

Class G Airspace

  • Airspace not designated as Class A, B, C, D, or E
  • Essentially uncontrolled by ATC except when associated with a temporary control tower
  • No formal separation services are provided
  • The PIC is responsible for looking out and avoiding other aircraft

Learn about the different types of airspace, including controlled and uncontrolled airspace, and how they are classified based on factors such as air traffic, operations, and safety requirements. Test your knowledge of airspace management and regulations.

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