Age of Early European Exploration Quiz
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Age of Early European Exploration Quiz

Test your knowledge on famous explorers from the Age of Early European Exploration, including Christopher Columbus, Vasco da Gama, and Marco Polo. Identify key figures who ventured into unknown territories in search of geographical and scientific information.

Created by
@KindlyParadise

Questions and Answers

Which island was originally named 'Espanol' by Columbus?

Hispaniola

How was the first settlement on Hispaniola established?

With materials from the shipwrecked Santa Maria

What did Columbus do to gain riches on Hispaniola?

Enslaved the Arawaks and forced them to dig for gold

What did Columbus leave behind on Hispaniola when he departed?

<p>A small garrison of 39 men</p> Signup and view all the answers

What happened to the ships on the return voyage to Spain?

<p>The Pinta was lost at sea</p> Signup and view all the answers

How were Columbus and his crew greeted upon their return to Spain?

<p>With excitement, as the discoveries had brought wealth and power to Spain</p> Signup and view all the answers

What was the primary purpose of a compass in early European exploration?

<p>To know the direction of travel</p> Signup and view all the answers

Who is credited with inventing the printing press?

<p>Johannes Gutenberg, a German goldsmith</p> Signup and view all the answers

How did the printing press contribute to early European exploration?

<p>By speeding up the exchange of information</p> Signup and view all the answers

What role did weapons play in early European exploration?

<p>Aiding in conquest, colonization, and intimidating indigenous peoples</p> Signup and view all the answers

When were weapons first invented?

<p>1000 CE</p> Signup and view all the answers

What was the main purpose of a compass in navigation?

<p>To know the direction traveled</p> Signup and view all the answers

Where was Christopher Columbus born?

<p>Genoa, Italy</p> Signup and view all the answers

During the Renaissance, what new technology made printed information more accessible?

<p>The movable type printing press</p> Signup and view all the answers

What title was Christopher Columbus given by the monarch of Spain?

<p>'Admiral of the Sea'</p> Signup and view all the answers

How many voyages did Christopher Columbus undertake?

<p>4</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which country sponsored Christopher Columbus's first voyage?

<p>Spain</p> Signup and view all the answers

What was the name of the first island Christopher Columbus visited in the New World?

<p>'San Salvador'</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary reason for early European exploration?

<p>To satisfy curiosity about different lands and goods</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following was NOT a reason for early European exploration?

<p>To prove the existence of extraterrestrial life</p> Signup and view all the answers

What new understanding emerged during the Renaissance period?

<p>The world was spherical</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following explorers is NOT mentioned in the text?

<p>Ferdinand Magellan</p> Signup and view all the answers

What was a potential benefit of conquering new lands for European nations?

<p>Finding new sources of resources like gold</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following is an accurate definition of an explorer according to the text?

<p>An individual who travels in search of geographical or scientific information</p> Signup and view all the answers

Who was sent to Hispaniola to investigate the conditions being meted out?

<p>Juan Aguado</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which settlement on the 3rd voyage was not established by Columbus?

<p>Santa Domingo</p> Signup and view all the answers

Where did Columbus find the Tainos to be hostile during his 3rd voyage?

<p>Santiago</p> Signup and view all the answers

Who was the main person behind the uprising against Columbus and his brother on the 3rd voyage?

<p>Francisca Rodman</p> Signup and view all the answers

On which plain did Columbus and his men massacre the Tainos during the 3rd voyage?

<p>Vega Real Plain</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which ship was the only one to go on voyages one and two?

<p>Niña</p> Signup and view all the answers

Study Notes

Christopher Columbus and the Age of Exploration

  • Christopher Columbus was born in Genoa, Italy in 1451 and died in Valladolid, Spain on May 20, 1506.
  • He learned to sail in Lisbon, Portugal, and sailed for Spain.
  • He was given the title of "Admiral of the Sea" by the monarch of Spain.
  • He had four voyages between 1492 and 1506.

The First Voyage (1492-1493)

  • Sponsored by Spain, with monarchs Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand.
  • Crew consisted of criminals and convicts.
  • Ships: Santa Maria, Pinta, and Nina.
  • Port of departure: Port of Palos.
  • Stopped for supplies in the Canary Islands.
  • 72 days at sea before spotting land.
  • Captains: Christopher Columbus (Santa Maria), Martin Pizon (Pinta), and Vicente Pinzon (Nina).
  • Rodrigo de Triana was the first to spot land.
  • First island visited: San Salvador (named by Columbus), also known as Guanahani (Taino name) and Watling Island (part of present-day Bahamas).
  • Met Cacique Guacanagari on the island of San Salvador.

Hispaniola and the Tainos

  • The first settlement was established using the board from the shipwrecked Santa Maria.
  • Columbus and his men enslaved the Tainos, forcing them to dig for gold.
  • They had to turn over all gold and precious stones found to the Europeans.
  • The Tainos were forced to work for food and were mistreated by the Europeans.

The Return of Columbus

  • Columbus departed Hispaniola on the Nina, reunited with the Pinta, and traveled back to Spain.
  • He left 39 men from his crew to continue forcing the Tainos to dig for gold.
  • The ships encountered a hurricane, and the Pinta returned to Spain separately.
  • The Nina sought refuge in the Azores Islands, a Portuguese colony.
  • A compass is a tool used for navigation, invented by the Chinese during the Han Dynasty (2nd century BCE).
  • The compass helped sailors determine their direction, making voyages more efficient and safer.
  • A printing press is a mechanical device used to print many copies of text on a medium such as paper or cloth, invented by Johannes Gutenberg in 1436.
  • The printing press contributed to the Age of Exploration by speeding up the exchange of information and enabling the printing of maps.

Weapons and Early European Exploration

  • Weapons were invented by the Chinese around 1000 CE.
  • Weapons helped early European explorers by providing protection, intimidating and controlling indigenous peoples, aiding in conquest and colonization, hunting for food, and using force as a negotiating tool.

Reasons for Early European Exploration

  • Curiosity: Europeans were curious about different lands, animals, and goods.
  • National pride: Explorers wanted to gain more land for their home country.
  • Better trading routes: Explorers looked for faster, easier, and safer ways to travel to places where they traded.

Later Voyages of Columbus

  • Second voyage (1493-1494): Aimed to colonize the countries Columbus found.
  • Third voyage (1498-1500): Explored Trinidad, Granada, Margarita, and the coastline of Venezuela.

Note: The notes are organized by topic, with key facts and events summarized in concise bullet points. Each point is independent and provides relevant context.

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