Accounting Concepts and Principles Quiz

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48 Questions

What does the concept of materiality in accounting imply? (KN)

Only significant items need to be disclosed

Which concept states that expenses and revenues for goods and services must be matched to the same time period they were incurred or earned in? (KN)

Accruals Concept

How does historical cost accounting differ from valuing items based on their current worth? (KN)

Assets are recorded at the cost they were originally purchased for

Which concept assumes that the business will continue trading into the foreseeable future? (KN)

Going Concern

What does the Duality concept in accounting state? (KN)

There should be at least two accounts affected by each transaction

According to the matching principle, when should expenses be recognized? (KN)

In the same period as the related revenues are recognized

Which concept divides the business's life into periods of equal length for better performance assessment? (KN)

Accounting Period Concept

What concept in accounting ensures that all transactions must be recorded in the currency of the land? (KN)

Monetary Concept (Money Measurement)

Which accounting concept states that all business transactions must be recorded separately from the owner's personal transactions to provide meaningful data? (KN)

Accounting Entity (Business Entity) Concept

What concept in accounting emphasizes that similar transactions should be treated consistently over time?

Consistency Concept

Which concept in accounting dictates that financial statements should reflect the actual cost at which assets were acquired? (KN)

Historical Cost Concept

Which type of accounting work involves activities like preparing cheques and processing bills?

Routine Daily Activities

What is one of the categories of accounting work that includes hiring employees and helping customers?

Miscellaneous Activities

What is the main focus of accounting according to the text?

Providing accurate financial information for decision-making

Which of the following best describes the difference between accounting and bookkeeping?

Accounting encompasses a wider scope of financial activities compared to bookkeeping which primarily involves recording transactions.

In the context of business organizations, which form has a sole owner?

Sole proprietorship

What is the purpose of the accounting cycle as mentioned in the text?

To provide a systematic process for recording and analyzing financial transactions

Which of the following best describes the role of an accounting clerk?

Preparing financial statements and reports under the supervision of accountants

What characteristic distinguishes a non-profit organization from other forms of business?

Operates without the intention of making monetary gains for individuals

What is one of the main responsibilities of an accounting clerk according to the text?

Making payroll calculations and preparing checks

Which task is NOT listed as a job of the accountant in the text?

Making payroll calculations and preparing checks

Which concept is emphasized in the text when stating that financial statements should reflect the actual cost at which assets were acquired?

Historical cost principle

What is one of the accountant's responsibilities regarding financial data interpretation?

Interpreting financial data

What is a key duty of the accounting clerk based on the information provided?

Making payroll calculations and preparing checks

From the roles mentioned in the text, who is more likely to participate in managerial decisions?


What is one of the reasons why knowledge of accounting can be useful to students?

To develop financial literacy

Which activity is NOT involved in the system of accounting?

Teaching a foreign language

What is one of the characteristics of a Service Business?

It provides intangible services to customers

Which type of business focuses on selling tangible goods to consumers?

Merchandising Business

Why should students study accounting according to the text?

To better understand the complexity of business operations

Which activity is NOT a characteristic of studying accounting?

Training to become a chef

What is equity in the context of accounting?

The residual interest in the assets of the entity after deducting all liabilities

Is a car purchased by Mr. Chris considered an asset?

Yes, it is an asset

When Aagam gives Swayam $1,000 to start selling merch as a side hustle, is this considered a liability for Swayam?

Yes, it is a liability

Can staff of a business be considered an asset on the Balance Sheet?

Yes, they are considered an asset

DSC leases a building for 15 years. Is this lease considered an asset for DSC?

Yes, it is considered an asset

Which equation represents the fundamental accounting equation?

$Assets - Liabilities = Equity$

What is the main purpose of calculating financial position in a business?

To calculate the difference between total assets and total liabilities

Which definition best describes an asset according to the text?

A resource controlled by the entity from which future economic benefits are expected

How are liabilities best defined in the context of financial position?

Present obligations of the entity resulting in outflows of resources

What is the key outcome of subtracting total liabilities from total assets in financial position calculation?


Why is it important for a business to list and total its assets when calculating financial position?

To identify everything the business owns with dollar value

In financial position calculation, what does totaling debts help a business understand?

The present obligations that may result in outflows of resources

Who is entitled to the assets listed on the left side of the balance sheet?

Owner's Equity

In a balance sheet, where are individual liability accounts usually listed?

Right side

Which item represents an Owner's Equity account on a balance sheet?


What category does 'Equipment' belong to in terms of financial statements?


Which component of a balance sheet is typically labeled with the name of the owner and 'Capital'?

Owner's Equity

Study Notes

Accounting Concepts

  • Accounting concepts are broad assumptions that underlie the preparation of all accounting records.

Accounting (Business) Entity

  • The accounting entity concept states that the final accounts of the business will only contain information relevant to the accounting entity, regardless of the legal entity.
  • This means that the financial records of a business should be separate from those of its owners or other businesses.

Monetary Concept (Money Measurement)

  • The monetary concept states that in the business' accounting system, money must be used as the common denominator in recording and reporting all business transactions.


  • The duality concept states that there must be (at least) two accounts affected by each transaction, creating a debit and credit side of the transaction, which leads to the double-entry system.

Historical Cost

  • The historical cost concept states that all items must be recorded at the cost they were purchased for, not what their 'worth' is to the business.
  • Some assets (lands, buildings) can be re-valued in certain circumstances.


  • The materiality concept states that only items that are of a material nature to the information making need to be specifically identified.
  • Items that are not material can be bundled together and reported as a single figure.


  • The consistency concept requires that, when a business adopts particular accounting methods, it should continue to use these methods consistently.
  • This means that financial records are easier to read due to similar methods of preparation.

Going Concern

  • The going concern concept presumes that the business will continue trading into the foreseeable future.

Accounting Period Concept

  • The accounting period concept states that the business's life will be divided into periods of equal length, typically 12 months.

Accruals (or Matching) Concept

  • The accruals concept means that expenses and revenues for goods and services must be matched to the same time period they were incurred/earned in.

Key Accounting Concepts

  • Additional key accounting concepts include:
    • Accounting period concept
    • Accruals (or Matching) concept
    • Materiality
    • Historical Cost
    • Consistency
    • Going Concern
    • Duality
    • Monetary Concept (Money Measurement)
    • Accounting (Business) Entity

Test your knowledge on important accounting concepts such as recognizing revenue and the materiality principle. Understand when to record credit sales and learn how materiality impacts financial reporting.

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