Mahatma Gandhi's Life and Legacy

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3 Questions

True or false: Mahatma Gandhi was born in India?

True

True or false: Gandhi led a campaign for British withdrawal from India in 1930?

False

True or false: Gandhi died in 1947?

False

Study Notes

  • Mahatma Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869, in the coastal village of Porbandar in Gujarat, India.
  • He trained as a lawyer and began practicing in India in 1891 but was unsuccessful.
  • In 1915, Gandhi returned to India and began leading protests against British rule.
  • In 1921, he became the leader of the Indian National Congress, a nationwide organization of Indian nationalists.
  • Gandhi led campaigns for economic and social reform, including ending discrimination and poverty, and for self-rule for India.
  • In 1930, he led a march of Indian protesters to challenge a British-imposed salt tax.
  • In 1942, Gandhi led a campaign for British withdrawal from India.
  • In 1947, independence was granted to India, and the British Indian Empire was partitioned into India and Pakistan.
  • Gandhi did not celebrate independence, instead visiting areas affected by the partition.
  • Following the partition, Gandhi undertook several hunger strikes to stop religious violence.
  • Gandhi died on January 30, 1948, at the age of 80.

Explore the life and legacy of Mahatma Gandhi, the influential leader who led India to independence through nonviolent civil disobedience and social reform.

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