MICROPARA
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MICROPARA

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Questions and Answers

What is the study of microbiology primarily focused on?

The study of non-living entities and living organisms

Which category of microbes is composed of cells that lack a true nucleus?

Prokaryotes

What term is used for the microbes that cause disease?

Pathogens / Infectious agents

What is the meaning of 'ubiquitous' with respect to microbes?

<p>They are present everywhere</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which statement about the majority of microbes is true?

<p>Only 3% of them are capable of causing disease</p> Signup and view all the answers

What are Prions and Viruses classified as in terms of microbial categories?

<p>Acellular or Non-Living Microbes or Infectious Particles</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the term for microbes that inhibit the growth of pathogens by occupying space, depleting the food supply, and secreting materials such as waste products, toxins, and antibiotics?

<p>Indigenous Microbiota</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which group of microbes has the potential to cause a disease if the opportunity presents itself, such as when a person is stressed or debilitated due to illness?

<p>Opportunistic Pathogens</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which microbes produce oxygen through the process of photosynthesis?

<p>Algae and Cyanobacteria</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the term for microbes involved in the decomposition of dead organisms and the waste products of living organisms?

<p>Saprophytes</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the process of using genetically engineered microbes to decompose industrial wastes called?

<p>Bioremediation</p> Signup and view all the answers

What does microbial ecology study in relation to microbes and the environment?

<p>Elemental cycle</p> Signup and view all the answers

What do some microbes in the intestinal tract of animals produce that are beneficial to the host?

<p>Vitamin K and B1</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is biotechnology's utilization of living organisms or their derivatives to make or modify useful products or processes commonly used for?

<p>Chemicals and antibiotics</p> Signup and view all the answers

What are microbes essential for in the field of Genetic Engineering?

<p>Insulin production and vaccine materials</p> Signup and view all the answers

What have scientists learned about the composition and inner workings of cells using E. Coli?

<p>Composition of all cells including human cells</p> Signup and view all the answers

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