Test Your Knowledge of Natural Erosion Processes with This Informative Quiz



9 Questions

What is erosion?

What are the agents of erosion?

What is the primary cause of land degradation?

What are the four main types of soil erosion produced by rainfall?

What is mass wasting?

What are the primary factors affecting erosion rates?

What is the main process of shoreline erosion?

What is the effect of excessive erosion?

What is the effect of human activities on erosion rates?


Natural Processes that Remove Soil and Rock:

  • Erosion is the process of removing soil, rock, or dissolved material from one location on the Earth's crust and transporting it to another location where it is deposited.

  • Agents of erosion include rainfall; bedrock wear in rivers; coastal erosion by the sea and waves; glacial plucking, abrasion, and scour; areal flooding; wind abrasion; groundwater processes; and mass movement processes in steep landscapes like landslides and debris flows.

  • Human activities have increased the rate at which soil erosion is occurring globally by 10-40 times.

  • Excessive erosion leads to decreases in agricultural productivity and ecological collapse, and sedimentation of waterways and eutrophication of water bodies, as well as sediment-related damage to roads and houses.

  • Water and wind erosion are the two primary causes of land degradation, responsible for about 84% of the global extent of degraded land.

  • Rainfall produces four main types of soil erosion: splash erosion, sheet erosion, rill erosion, and gully erosion.

  • Valley or stream erosion occurs with continued water flow along a linear feature, and bank erosion is the wearing away of the banks of a stream or river.

  • Shoreline erosion primarily occurs through the action of currents and waves, with hydraulic action, wave pounding, abrasion, corrosion, and bioerosion being the main processes.

  • Chemical erosion is the loss of matter in a landscape in the form of solutes, and glaciers erode predominantly by three different processes: abrasion/scouring, plucking, and ice thrusting.

  • Wind erosion is a major geomorphological force, especially in arid and semi-arid regions, and a major source of land degradation, evaporation, desertification, harmful airborne dust, and crop damage.Erosion and Mass Wasting: An Overview

  • Erosion can be of two primary types: deflation and abrasion.

  • Deflation is divided into three categories: surface creep, saltation, and suspension.

  • Wind erosion is much more severe in arid areas and during times of drought.

  • Mass wasting is the downward and outward movement of rock and sediments on a sloped surface, mainly due to the force of gravity.

  • Mass-wasting processes are always occurring continuously on all slopes.

  • Submarine sediment gravity flows can result in erosion of the ocean floor to create channels and submarine canyons.

  • Climate, vegetative cover, topography, and tectonics are the primary factors affecting erosion rates.

  • Human land development, in forms including agricultural and urban development, is considered a significant factor in erosion and sediment transport.

  • Mountain ranges can take many millions of years to erode to the degree they effectively cease to exist.

  • If the rate of erosion is higher than the rate of soil formation, the soils are being destroyed by erosion.

  • Excessive erosion causes both "on-site" and "off-site" problems.

  • Water and wind erosion are the two primary causes of land degradation.


Test your knowledge of natural processes that remove soil and rock with this informative quiz. Learn about erosion, mass wasting, and the various agents and factors that contribute to these phenomena. Discover the impact of human activity on soil erosion rates and the consequences of excessive erosion. Challenge yourself to identify the different types of erosion and their effects on landscapes, waterways, and ecosystems. Take this quiz to deepen your understanding of the forces that shape our planet's surface.

Ready to take the quiz?

Play Quiz