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9 Questions

What is the definition of Information Technology (IT)?

What are the three categories that the term IT consists of?

What is the difference between IT and ICT?

What are the four phases of IT development?

What is computer science?

Who were some of the early computing pioneers?

What are some ethical issues associated with information technology?

What are some popular IT job titles?

What is the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on IT?


Overview of Computer-Based Technology

  • Information technology (IT) uses computers to create, process, store, retrieve, and exchange data and information.

  • IT is part of information and communications technology (ICT) and includes hardware, software, and peripheral equipment.

  • The term IT first appeared in a 1958 article and consists of three categories: processing techniques, statistical/mathematical methods for decision-making, and computer programs for higher-order thinking simulation.

  • IT encompasses computer networks, television, telephones, and products/services such as computer hardware, software, electronics, semiconductors, and e-commerce.

  • IT development can be divided into four phases: pre-mechanical, mechanical, electromechanical, and electronic.

  • Computer science is a branch of IT and involves the study of procedure, structure, and data processing.

  • Early computing pioneers include Alan Turing, J. Presper Eckert, and John Mauchly who focused on designing the first digital computer.

  • Electronic computers using relays or valves appeared in the early 1940s, and the Manchester Baby was the first modern electronic digital stored-program computer in 1948.

  • Breakthroughs in semiconductor technology led to the personal computer and the emergence of ICT.

  • Data processing includes storage, databases, transmission, and manipulation through data mining.

  • Services of IT include email and search systems.

  • IT departments are a cost center in modern businesses and are allocated funds by senior leadership to achieve desired deliverables while staying within budget.Information Technology: Responsibilities, Information Services, Ethics, and more

  • Information Technology involves the application, implementation, support, or management of computer-based information systems.

  • Responsibilities of IT professionals include network administration, software development and installation, and technology life cycle planning and management.

  • Information services refer to a variety of IT-related services offered by commercial companies and data brokers.

  • The field of information ethics was established by mathematician Norbert Wiener in the 1940s.

  • Ethical issues associated with information technology include privacy, security, intellectual property, and accessibility.

  • Other areas of concern include cyberbullying, cyberstalking, and online harassment.

  • The field of IT is constantly evolving and requires ongoing education and training to stay current.

  • IT professionals may work in a variety of industries, including healthcare, finance, and education.

  • The demand for IT professionals is expected to continue to grow in the coming years.

  • The COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted the importance of IT in enabling remote work and online learning.

  • Some of the most popular IT job titles include software developer, network administrator, and database administrator.

  • IT professionals may hold certifications such as CompTIA A+, CCNA, and CISSP.


Test your knowledge of the fascinating world of information technology with this quiz! From the history of computing to the latest ethical concerns, this quiz covers a wide range of topics in IT. Challenge yourself to see how much you know about responsibilities, information services, and the latest trends in the field. Whether you're an IT professional or just interested in the subject, this quiz is a fun and informative way to learn more about computer-based technology.

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