Sustainable Agriculture Quiz



9 Questions

What is the aim of sustainable agriculture?

What are some examples of sustainable agriculture practices?

What is the focus of organic agriculture?

What is the concept of regenerative agriculture?

What is the aim of the European Union's 'From Farm to Fork' program?

What is the goal of sustainable intensification?

What is an example of a sustainable animal husbandry practice?

What externalities must be considered in sustainable agriculture?

What is the aim of the Green New Deal in the United States?


Sustainable Agriculture: Key Principles, Factors and Aims

  • Sustainable agriculture aims to meet present food and textile needs without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs.

  • Sustainable agriculture involves preventing damage to human or natural systems, including soil, water, biodiversity, and surrounding or downstream resources.

  • Sustainable agriculture includes permaculture, agroforestry, mixed farming, multiple cropping, and crop rotation.

  • Sustainable food systems contribute to the sustainability of the human population by mitigating climate change and enabling agricultural systems to feed a growing population within changing environmental conditions.

  • Sustainability in agriculture considers long-term as well as short-term economics, reconciles biodiversity within human landscapes, and often involves the adoption of technology and environmentally-focused appropriate technology.

  • Long-term damage to soil can be caused by excessive tilling and irrigation without adequate drainage.

  • Sustainable agriculture depends on replenishing the soil while minimizing the use or need of non-renewable resources, such as natural gas or mineral ores.

  • Sustainable options for replacing nutrient inputs such as nitrates, phosphorus, and potassium include long-term crop rotations, the use of biochar, and the use of crop and livestock landraces adapted to less than ideal conditions.

  • Land degradation is becoming a severe global problem, threatening the ability to grow sufficient food, and modification of agricultural practices is a recognized method of carbon sequestration.

  • Energy is used in on-farm mechanization, food processing, storage, and transportation processes, and is closely linked to food prices.

  • Sustainable irrigation systems must not use more water from their source than is naturally replenishable.

  • Sustainable agriculture attempts to solve multiple problems with one broad solution, including decreasing environmental degradation while increasing crop and food output, improving rural economic development, and reducing poverty.Overview of Sustainable Agriculture

  • Sustainable agriculture involves practices that maintain long-term soil health, protect the environment, and promote economic stability.

  • Greenhouse technology and desalination techniques are examples of technological advancements that have allowed agriculture to develop in regions that were previously unsuitable for agriculture.

  • The number of women farm operators has tripled in the United States from 1978-2007, with women operating 14% of farms in 2007.

  • Growing food in backyard gardens, schools, and communities can be a sustainable way to produce food and increase access to fresh produce for poorer communities.

  • Externalities, or costs not covered in traditional accounting systems, must be considered in sustainable agriculture, including ecosystem services, biodiversity, and land degradation.

  • Sustainable agriculture requires addressing social, environmental, and economic barriers, including cultural shifts, the need for collaboration, incentives, and new legislation.

  • Sustainable animal husbandry involves practices such as grazing management and crop rotation to reduce the development of herbicide-resistant weeds.

  • Sustainable intensification is a priority for the United Nations, encompassing agriculture methods that increase production while improving environmental outcomes.

  • Water efficiency can be improved by reducing the need for irrigation, researching drought-resistant crops, and monitoring plant transpiration.

  • Soil amendments, such as using compost from recycling centers and leaving plant residue after harvesting, can improve soil health and reduce soil water evaporation.

  • Certain plants can be used as biofumigants to release pest-suppressing compounds when crushed and plowed into the soil.

  • Relocating current croplands to more optimal locations and introducing new genetic resources can increase crop yields and reduce the need for fertilizers and pesticides.Sustainable Agriculture: Principles, Benefits, and Challenges

  • Sustainable agriculture focuses on producing food in a way that is environmentally, socially, and economically sustainable.

  • Crop rotation is a central method of sustainable agriculture, which involves planting different crops in the same field in different seasons to improve soil health and reduce pests and disease.

  • Organic agriculture is a form of sustainable agriculture that focuses on using natural methods to produce food without the use of synthetic chemicals. The sales of organic products in the US reached $52.5 billion in 2018.

  • Ecological farming is a concept that focuses on regenerating ecosystem services like soil health, water retention, and biodiversity. Techniques include no-till farming, aquaculture integration, and precision agriculture.

  • Traditional agriculture practices like slash-and-burn cultivation and rice-fish systems have been practiced sustainably by indigenous communities for thousands of years.

  • Regenerative agriculture is a conservation and rehabilitation approach to food and farming systems that focuses on topsoil regeneration, increasing biodiversity, and enhancing ecosystem services.

  • Alternative methods of sustainable agriculture include permaculture, polyculture, local small-scale agriculture, and hydroponics.

  • Certification systems like organic certification, Rainforest Alliance, and Fair Trade provide standards for sustainable agriculture.

  • Sustainable agriculture must be integrated into national and international policy to reduce environmental risks and increase resilience to climate change.

  • The 2021 United Nations Climate Change Conference saw 45 countries pledge over $4 billion for the transition to sustainable agriculture.

  • The European Union's "From Farm to Fork" program aims to make agriculture more sustainable by reducing the use of pesticides and fertilizers and promoting organic farming.

  • Policies like the New Deal in the US provided monetary incentives for farmers to leave some of their fields unsown, promoting sustainable agriculture practices.Sustainable Agriculture Policies and Practices Around the World


This text discusses sustainable agriculture policies and practices around the world, including the history of sustainable agriculture and current and future policies in the United States, China, and India.


  • In 1907, Franklin H. King discussed the advantages of sustainable agriculture and warned that such practices would be vital to farming in the future.
  • The phrase "sustainable agriculture" was reportedly coined by the Australian agronomist Gordon McClymont.
  • The term became popular in the late 1980s.
  • There was an international symposium on sustainability in horticulture by the International Society of Horticultural Science at the International Horticultural Congress in Toronto in 2002.
  • At the following conference at Seoul in 2006, the principles were discussed further.

United States:

  • The USDA provides technical and financial assistance for natural resource conservation and production agriculture through programs like SARE and China-UK SAIN.
  • The Green New Deal proposes decentralizing agrarian governance, investing in public infrastructure to support farmers' transition from industrial food regimes, and investing in cooperatives and commons to share and redistribute resources.
  • From 1900 to 2002, the number of farms in the US decreased significantly while the average size of a farm went up after 1950.


  • In 2016, the Chinese government adopted a plan to reduce meat consumption by 50% to achieve a more sustainable and healthy food system.
  • In 2019, the National Basic Research Program funded research into Science and Technology Backyard (STB), which combines traditional practices with new innovations and technology implementation to increase food production with fewer negative environmental effects.


  • CEEW (the council for energy, environment, and water) aims to scale up sustainable agriculture practices and systems (SAPSs) through policymakers, administrators, philanthropists, and others.
  • The CEEW identified 16 SAPSs, including agroforestry, crop rotation, rainwater harvesting, organic farming, and natural farming, using agroecology as an investigative lens.
  • The Sowgood foundation is a nonprofit that teaches primary school children about sustainable farming by helping them farm on small farm strips in suburban farmhouses and gardens.


  • In 2012, the Israeli Ministry of Agriculture funded programs to make sustainable agriculture accessible to smaller Palestinian-Arab communities to create biodiversity, train farmers in sustainable agriculture methods, and hold regular meetings for agriculture stakeholders.

Future Concerns:

  • Experts have questioned agriculture's ability to keep up with population growth, leading to concerns over global food insecurity and "solving hunger."


Test your knowledge of sustainable agriculture with our quiz! Learn about the key principles, factors, and aims of sustainable agriculture, as well as the benefits and challenges of implementing sustainable farming practices. Discover the history of sustainable agriculture, current policies and practices around the world in countries like the United States, China, India, and Israel, and future concerns about global food insecurity. This quiz is perfect for anyone interested in sustainable agriculture, environmentalism, and the future of food production.

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