What is the rock cycle?
What are the three types of rocks involved in the rock cycle?
What can happen to rocks at low temperatures and pressures?
What can happen to rocks exposed to high temperatures and pressures?
What drives the rock cycle?
What role does water play in the rock cycle?
What is magma?
What are the two types of igneous rocks?
What is lithification?
The rock cycle describes the transitions between sedimentary, metamorphic, and igneous rock types due to plate tectonics and the water cycle. Rocks can melt into magma and solidify into igneous rocks, which can be intrusive or volcanic. Secondary changes such as silicification and serpentinization can occur at low temperatures and pressures. Rocks exposed to high temperatures and pressures can turn into metamorphic rocks, either by regional metamorphism or contact metamorphism. Rocks exposed to weathering and erosion can turn into sedimentary rocks, either by lithification of clastic material, biogenic material, or chemically precipitated material. Plate tectonics, spreading ridges, subduction zones, and continental collisions drive the rock cycle. Water plays an important role in weathering, erosion, and metamorphism processes. The rock cycle is an evolutionary process that involves magma generation and segregation within or between the mantle and crust.
Test your knowledge of the rock cycle with our quiz! From sedimentary to metamorphic to igneous rocks, learn about the processes that transform one rock type into another. Explore the role of plate tectonics, the water cycle, and other geological forces that drive the rock cycle. Challenge yourself with questions on rock types, formation, and geological processes. Take the quiz and become a rock cycle expert!
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