Which process physically removes rather than kills microorganisms?
What is the main purpose of thorough cleaning before disinfection?
Which type of disinfectant is effective on bacteria, viruses, but not spores, and is commonly diluted as bleach 1:9 water?
What is the primary purpose of sterilization?
Which type of sterilization involves the use of a steam autoclave at 121°C for 10-30 minutes?
What is the primary difference between antiseptic and disinfectant?
Which type of disinfectant is effective on bacteria, viruses, but not spores, and is used on skin?
Which process involves the reduction in microbial population to a safe or relatively safe level?
Which type of sterilization involves the use of UV light or ionizing radiation?
What term describes the period of recovery and return to normal health state following a disease?
What does morbidity indicate within a group?
What does diagnosis involve?
What do manifestations of a disease include?
What is a syndrome?
What do complications of a disease refer to?
What does epidemiology involve?
What is the primary role of the World Health Organization (WHO) according to its Constitution?
What are the main areas of work for the World Health Organization (WHO) according to the text?
What is the role of the World Health Assembly (WHA) within the WHO according to the text?
What are the overarching goals of Healthy People 2030 according to the text?
What does Healthy People 2030 describe as social determinants of health (SDOH) according to the text?
How often does the US Department of Health & Human Services set national objectives to improve health and well-being according to the text?
Where is the Health Assembly of the WHO held annually according to the text?
What is the responsibility of the Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC)?
Who is responsible for public health programs in Ontario?
How are Ontario's public health programs delivered?
What is the responsibility of the Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care in funding public health programs?
What is the definition of pathophysiology?
What does etiology concern in a particular disease?
What do risk factors indicate in relation to a disease?
Public Health in Canada and Ontario
- The Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) is responsible for public health in Canada and provides services such as public health notices, chronic disease management, travel health, food safety, immunization, and emergency preparedness.
- Health care in Canada falls under the authority of the provinces, with the Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care responsible for public health programs in Ontario.
- Ontario's public health programs focus on prevention, screening, and education, and are delivered by 34 public health units, each run by a medical officer of health reporting to a local board of health.
- The cost of public health programs in Ontario is shared by the ministry and municipalities.
- Disease is defined as an interruption, cessation, or disorder of a body system or organ structure, characterized by specific signs and symptoms or consistent anatomical alterations.
- Pathophysiology is the study of the disease process affecting the physiological functions of the body, and pathology involves changes in structures and function.
- Etiology concerns the causative factors in a particular disease, which can be biological, physical trauma, chemical, or nutritional excesses/deficits.
- Risk factors indicate a risk for a disease, while precipitating factors contribute to the occurrence of a disorder, such as triggering a seizure in an individual with a seizure disorder.
- Preventative measures include primary prevention (removing risk factors), secondary prevention (early detection through screening), and tertiary prevention (clinical intervention to prevent further deterioration or reduce complications).
- Pathogenesis refers to the sequence of events from initial contact with an etiological agent until the ultimate expression of disease, and diseases may have acute or chronic onset, marked by remissions and exacerbations.
- The onset of disease may be acute (sudden and obvious) or insidious (gradual progression), and a chronic disease persists for a long time, causing more permanent tissue damage.
- A subclinical state exists in conditions where pathological changes occur, but no obvious manifestations are exhibited by the patient, due to the organ's reserve capacity.
Test your knowledge of public health in Canada and Ontario with this quiz. Explore topics such as public health agencies, disease definition, pathophysiology, etiology, preventative measures, and disease onset. Prepare to delve into the world of public health programs and disease processes in this informative quiz.
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