Interdisciplinary Theories: Understanding Human Needs and Systems

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What is the primary role of health insurance companies in the healthcare system?

Facilitate financial coverage for medical expenses

What is a major challenge in inter-organizational collaboration in healthcare?

Resource constraints and differing priorities

What is the primary objective of health education?

To alter health behaviors or improve health status

What is one of the purposes of health education?

To maintain and promote health

What is an importance of inter-organizational collaboration in healthcare?

To enhance efficiency and improve patient outcomes

What is the role of government agencies in the healthcare system?

To regulate healthcare standards and oversee public health initiatives

What is a method of health education?

Imparting information to patients

What is a barrier to effective health education?

Lack of resources and funding

What is the outcome of effective inter-organizational collaboration in healthcare?

Improved patient outcomes and innovation in healthcare delivery

What is the role of healthcare professionals in health education?

To impart information to patients

Study Notes

Interdisciplinary Theories

  • Basic Human Needs Theory (Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs):
    • 5 basic human needs: physiological, safety, love, esteem, and self-actualization
    • Illustrated with a pyramid, with bottom layers being more important than the top
    • Examples: food, air, water, protection, stability, pain avoidance, affection, acceptance, self-respect, self-esteem, achieving full potential
  • Systems Theory (Neuman Systems Model):
    • Defines a total-person model of holism and open systems approach
    • Open system: a process that interacts with the environment, exchanging information
    • Example: nursing process, patient's interaction with environment, and physiological functions
    • Components: input, output, feedback, and content product

Psychosocial Theories

  • 14 Components of Living:
    • Biological, social, and psychological components
    • Ability to live life to the fullest with independence, peace, and death
    • Ability to conduct self-care activities and maintain life, health, and optimum level of functioning

Critical Thinking

  • Definition: Purposely thinking back on a situation to discover its meaning
  • Importance: allows nurses to evaluate situations honestly, communicate clearly, and understand things without conscious use of reasoning
  • Techniques:
    • Reflective journaling
    • Meeting with colleagues
    • Concept mapping
    • Critical analysis
    • Questioning
    • Inductive and deductive reasoning
    • Making valid inferences
    • Clarifying concepts and recognizing assumptions
    • Scientific method
    • Problem-solving
    • Decision making

Critical Thinking Competencies

  • Identify a problem and seek an answer with a formal approach
  • Collect data, formulate a hypothesis, test the hypothesis, and evaluate the results
  • Seek information about the problem and combine with existing knowledge to find solutions
  • Evaluate the pros and cons, risks, and benefits of each option to make a final decision

Reflective Practice in Nursing

  • Definition: Reflecting on experiences to improve nursing practice
  • Models of reflection: various models exist to facilitate reflective practice
  • Importance: enhances patient care, improves outcomes, and promotes professional development

Health Education

  • Definition: The process of imparting information to patients to alter their health behaviors or improve their health status
  • Objectives: maintenance and promotion of health, prevention of illness, restoration of health, increase confidence in self-care, and ensure high-quality care
  • Principles: patient-centered, empowerment, and cultural sensitivity
  • Methods and approaches: various methods exist to facilitate health education, including individual and group education
  • Effectiveness: improves health outcomes, increases patient satisfaction, and promotes healthy behaviors
  • Barriers: language, cultural, and literacy barriers can hinder effective health education

Explore the different types of interdisciplinary theories, including Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs, System Theory, and Psychosocial Theories. Learn how these theories provide a systematic view of phenomena and understand the 5 basic human needs that every human being must have met to survive.

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