How Well Do You Understand the Intersection of Work and Personal Life?



9 Questions

What is work-life interface?

What is work-family conflict?

What is work-family enrichment?

What are the two types of work-family conflict that are strongly correlated with each other?

What is the role of the organization in reducing WFC?

What is the role of the supervisor in reducing WFC?

What are the most commonly studied work-family issues?

What is the most common research method used in work-family research?

What is the need for more research in work-family research?


Intersection of Work and Personal Life

  • Work-life interface is the intersection of work and personal life.

  • This interface can be adverse in nature (e.g., work-life conflict) or can be beneficial (e.g., work-life enrichment) in nature.

  • Recent research has shown that the work-life interface has become more boundary-less, especially for technology-enabled workers.

  • Seven dominant theories have been utilized to explain this relationship on the boundary-border spectrum.

  • Work-family conflict is defined as interrole conflict where the participation in one role interferes with the participation in another.

  • Work-to-family conflict (WFC) and family-to-work conflict (FWC) are strongly correlated with each other.

  • Work-family enrichment or work-family facilitation is a form of positive spillover.

  • Work-family enrichment is related to positive organizational outcomes such as job satisfaction and effort.

  • Research has focused especially on the role of the organization and the supervisor in the reduction of WFC.

  • General support by the organization aids the employees to deal with work family issues so that organizational support is negatively connected to WFC.

  • The supervisor has a social-support function for his/her subordinates and is an indicator for lower levels of WFC.

  • The coworker's informal support is negatively associated with negative variables such as WFC.Research Methods in Work-Family Research: A Review of the Literature from 1980-2003

  • Work-family research has grown significantly since the 1980s

  • Most studies in this area use cross-sectional designs and self-report data

  • The majority of studies focus on white, middle-class families

  • Fathers and single parents are underrepresented in work-family research

  • There is a lack of research on the experiences of low-income families and families of color

  • The most commonly studied work-family issues are work-family conflict and work-family enrichment

  • Researchers often fail to use a theoretical framework to guide their research

  • There is a need for more research on how different cultural values impact work-family experiences

  • Researchers should pay more attention to the work-family experiences of non-traditional workers, such as those in the gig economy

  • There is a need for more research on the impact of technology on work-family balance

  • Longitudinal and experimental research designs should be used more often

  • Researchers should use more diverse samples, data sources, and levels of analysis.


Discover how your work and personal life intersect with this insightful quiz! From work-family conflict to work-family enrichment, this quiz will test your knowledge on the latest research surrounding the boundaryless relationship between work and personal life. You'll also learn about the methods used in work-family research and areas that require further exploration. Take this quiz and gain a better understanding of how to strike a balance between work and personal life.

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