How Well Do You Know Religion?



9 Questions

What is the definition of religion?

What are some religious practices?

What is comparative religion?

What are Abrahamic religions?

What is secularization?

What is the correlation between self-defined religiosity and the wealth of nations?

What is superstition?

What are traditional African religions?

What is the goal of interfaith dialogue?


The concept of religion originated in the West and is a modern construct that would not have been understood in many cultures outside the West, where there is no equivalent term for religion in many languages. Scholars have found it difficult to develop a consistent definition of religion. There are two general definition systems: the sociological/functional and the phenomenological/philosophical. An increasing number of scholars have expressed reservations about ever defining the essence of religion. There are an estimated 10,000 distinct religions worldwide, with four religions (Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, and Buddhism) accounting for over 77% of the world's population. Religious practices may include rituals, sermons, commemoration or veneration (of deities or saints), sacrifices, festivals, feasts, trances, initiations, matrimonial and funerary services, meditation, prayer, music, art, dance or public service. The study of religion comprises a wide variety of academic disciplines, including theology, philosophy of religion, comparative religion, and social scientific studies. Different religions may or may not contain various elements ranging from the divine, sacredness, faith, and a supernatural being or beings. The concept of religion was formed in the 16th and 17th centuries, despite the fact that ancient sacred texts like the Bible, the Quran, and others did not have a word or even a concept of religion in the original languages and neither did the people or the cultures in which these sacred texts were written. The concept of religion was invented recently in the English language and is found texts from the 17th century due to events such as the splitting of Christendom during the Protestant Reformation and globalization in the Age of Exploration, which involved contact with numerous foreign cultures with non-European languages.Overview of Religion: Practices, Social Organization, Academic Study, Theories, Classification, and Specific Religions

  • Religion can be defined as a set of beliefs and practices concerning the cause, nature, and purpose of the universe, often involving devotional and ritual observances and a moral code.

  • The practices of a religion vary widely and may include rituals, sermons, veneration of deities, sacrifices, festivals, meditation, prayer, religious music, art, dance, and public service.

  • Religions have a societal basis, either as a living tradition carried by lay participants or with an organized clergy and a definition of what constitutes adherence or membership.

  • The academic study of religion includes theology, comparative religion, history of religion, anthropology of religion, psychology of religion, law and religion, and sociology of religion.

  • Theories of religion attempt to explain the origin and function of religion, and define universal characteristics of religious belief and practice.

  • The origin and development of religion has taken different forms in different cultures, with some religions placing an emphasis on belief, while others emphasize practice.

  • Comparative religion is the branch of the study of religions concerned with the systematic comparison of the doctrines and practices of the world's religions.

  • Religions can be classified by philosophically defined categories called world religions, by morphological classification, or by demographic classification.

  • The five largest religious groups by world population are Christianity, Islam, Buddhism, Hinduism, and traditional folk religion, with Christianity being the largest.

  • Abrahamic religions are monotheistic religions which believe they descend from Abraham, including Judaism, Christianity, Islam, and smaller traditions such as the Baháʼí Faith and Druze.

  • East Asian religions consist of religions of East Asia, including Taoism, Confucianism, and folk religions.

  • Indian religions are practiced or were founded in the Indian subcontinent and include Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism.Overview of Religions and their Impact

  • Indigenous and folk religions are traditional religions that are closely associated with a particular group of people, ethnicity, or tribe.

  • Traditional African religions include the Akan religion, Dahomey (Fon) mythology, Efik mythology, Odinani, Serer religion, and Yoruba religion, while Berber and ancient Egyptian religions are found in North Africa.

  • Iranian religions include Zoroastrianism, which worships the creator Ahura Mazda, and Kurdish religions such as Yazdânism.

  • New religious movements are constantly emerging and evolving, such as Scientology and the Unification Church.

  • Religion has had a significant impact on the political system in many countries, with most Muslim-majority countries adopting aspects of sharia law.

  • Secularization is the transformation of the politics of a society from close identification with a particular religion's values and institutions toward nonreligious values and secular institutions.

  • There is a negative correlation between self-defined religiosity and the wealth of nations.

  • Religion can have a positive impact on mental and physical health, including greater longevity, coping skills, and health-related quality of life.

  • Religion has been used to promote violence, but it is not inherently violent.

  • Superstition is the non-rational establishment of cause and effect, while religion is more complex and often has a moral aspect.

  • Atheism and agnosticism are not necessarily the opposite of religious, as some religions classify some of their followers as agnostic, atheistic, or nontheistic.

  • Interfaith dialogue, cooperation, and religious peacebuilding have been used as a means of solving ethnic, political, or even religious conflict.Interfaith Dialogue Summary

  • Interfaith dialogue refers to discussions and interactions between individuals from different religious backgrounds.

  • The goal of interfaith dialogue is to promote mutual understanding, respect, and cooperation between different religious groups.

  • Interfaith dialogue can take place at the individual, community, and national levels.

  • Interfaith dialogue has become increasingly important in the modern world due to globalization, migration, and religious conflict.

  • There have been various interfaith initiatives, such as A Common Word, the "C1 World Dialogue", the Common Ground initiative, and the World Interfaith Harmony Week.

  • Culture and religion have traditionally been seen as closely related, with religion being the soul of culture and culture being the form of religion.

  • However, some argue that certain elements of culture are distinct from religion, such as language and the arts.

  • Criticism of religion refers to criticism of the ideas, truth, or practice of religion, including its political and social implications.

  • Criticism of religion can be carried out by both religious and non-religious individuals.

  • Some argue that criticism of religion is necessary for religious reform and progress.

  • Interfaith dialogue and criticism of religion are not mutually exclusive, and both can be important for promoting understanding and growth.

  • There are many resources available for those interested in interfaith dialogue, including books, organizations, and online forums.


Test your knowledge of religion with this comprehensive quiz! From the origins and definition of religion to specific religions and their impact on society, this quiz covers it all. You'll explore the practices, social organization, academic study, theories, classification, and specific religions, as well as interfaith dialogue and criticism of religion. Whether you're a religious studies scholar or simply curious about different religions, this quiz will challenge and expand your understanding of this complex and important topic.

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