How Well Do You Know Public Health?



9 Questions

What is public health?

Which of the following is NOT a relevant sub-field of public health?

What are some common public health initiatives?

What are some priority areas in public health?

What is the World Health Organization responsible for?

What is the main strategy for reducing the prevalence and severity of malaria?

What has been the trend in public health spending in the United States?

What has the COVID-19 pandemic highlighted about the public health system in the United States?

What is the Public Health Act of 1848?


Public Health: Promoting Health Through Organized Efforts and Informed Choices

  • Public health involves preventing disease, prolonging life, and promoting health through organized efforts and informed choices of society, organizations, public and private, communities, and individuals.

  • Public health is an interdisciplinary field that includes epidemiology, biostatistics, social sciences, and management of health services, among other relevant sub-fields.

  • Common public health initiatives include promoting healthy behaviors, delivering vaccinations, suicide prevention, smoking cessation, obesity education, and increasing healthcare accessibility.

  • Public health requires multidisciplinary teams of public health workers and professionals, including epidemiologists, biostatisticians, physicians, public health nurses, midwives, and many others.

  • Public health aims are achieved through surveillance of cases and promotion of healthy behaviors, communities, and environments.

  • Public health campaigns can be criticized as a form of "healthism" or moralistic in nature rather than being focused on health.

  • Priority areas in public health include maternal and child health, chronic diseases such as cancer and heart disease, infectious diseases such as HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis, and antibiotic resistance.

  • The World Health Organization (WHO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations responsible for international public health.

  • Most countries have their own governmental public health agency, often called the ministry of health, with responsibility for domestic health issues.

  • Public health programs are crucial in reducing the incidence of disease, disability, and death.

  • Poor maternal and child health is a major public health concern in developing countries, exacerbated by malnutrition and poverty.

  • Lifestyle medicine, social medicine, population health, and preventive medicine are all related terms in public health.Overview of Public Health: Core Functions, Behavior Change, Applications in Healthcare, Conflicting Aims, Global Perspectives, History, and Sustainable Development Goals for 2030

  • Public health programs receive less government funding compared to medicine.

  • Public health surveillance programs identify and assess population needs for healthcare services.

  • Maladaptive personal behaviors contribute to many health problems.

  • Public health measures address population-level issues such as inequality, poverty, and education.

  • Developing countries face significant disparities in access to healthcare and public health initiatives.

  • Health aid to developing countries has increased since World War II, and wealthy countries donate billions of dollars every year to improve population health.

  • International health aid has been questioned for disrupting developing countries' development and causing dependence on aid.

  • Sustainable Development Goals for 2030 address health disparities, primarily in developing countries.

  • Preventive health interventions have been present in historical communities worldwide, including Southeast Asia, the Americas, and Western European, Byzantine, and Islamicate civilizations.

  • In cities, residents, rulers, and organizations developed preventive measures to benefit the general population.

  • Religious institutions, individuals, and charitable organizations promoted moral and physical wellbeing by endowing urban amenities.

  • Urban residents and other groups developed preventive measures in response to calamities such as war, famine.A Brief History of Public Health

  • Public health measures have existed for thousands of years, including quarantine facilities and health boards.

  • The Industrial Revolution worsened living conditions and led to the establishment of public health institutions in the 19th century.

  • The Public Health Act of 1848 aimed to improve sanitary conditions in England and Wales.

  • The practice of vaccination began in the 1800s, following the pioneering work of Edward Jenner.

  • Epidemiology was founded by John Snow's identification of a polluted water well as the source of a cholera outbreak in London in 1854.

  • With the pioneering work in bacteriology, methods for isolating bacteria and vaccines for remedy were developed at the turn of the 20th century.

  • Schools of public health were established in the US in the early 20th century, supported by the Rockefeller Foundation.

  • Public health degrees include the Master of Public Health, Doctor of Public Health, and Doctor of Philosophy.

  • Public health agencies exist in many countries, including the Public Health Agency of Canada and Cuba's national universal healthcare system.

  • Public health has been important in consolidating state power and integrating marginalized populations into the nation-state in Latin America.

  • Malaria remains a major public health issue in many countries, and public health methods are the main strategy for reducing its prevalence and severity.

  • Public health education and training is available throughout the world, with competency frameworks requiring modulation according to local, national, and global realities.Public Health Funding in the United States

  • The United States does not have a coherent system for the governmental funding of public health.

  • Public health spending in the United States grew between 1960 and 2001, with state and local government making up 80-90% of total public health spending.

  • Public health spending in the United States peaked in 2002 and declined in the following decade.

  • State cuts to public health funding during the Great Recession of 2007-2008 were not restored in subsequent years.

  • As of 2012, the United States spends disproportionately more on clinical care than public health, leading to "chronic underfunding" of public health.

  • As of 2018, only 3% of government health spending in the United States was directed to public health and prevention.

  • The COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted problems in the public health system in the United States and a lack of understanding of public health as a common good.

  • Public health in the United States is funded by a variety of agencies and programs at the federal, state, and local levels.

  • The United States has been criticized for its "uneven patchwork" approach to public health funding.

  • Public health funding in the United States has been described as a "political football" subject to changes in political priorities.

  • The United States has been urged to increase investment in public health, including infrastructure, workforce, and research.

  • The lack of investment in public health has been seen as a threat to national security and economic stability.


Test your knowledge of the fascinating field of public health with our informative quiz! From the history of public health to current funding issues, this quiz covers a range of topics related to promoting health through organized efforts and informed choices. Whether you're a public health professional or simply interested in learning more about this vital field, our quiz will challenge and inform you. So, dive in and see how much you know about public health!

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