How much do you know about the 1970s energy crisis?



9 Questions

What triggered the 1973 oil crisis?

What was the impact of the 1970s energy crisis on global energy consumption patterns?

What is stagflation?

What was the impact of the 1970s energy crisis on the US economy?

What was the impact of the 1979 energy crisis on oil prices?

What was the impact of the 1970s energy crisis on OPEC?

What was the impact of the 1970s energy crisis on energy diversification?

What led to the 1980s oil glut?

What were the major factors leading to the 1973 oil crisis?


The 1970s Energy Crisis: A Detailed Summary

  • The 1970s energy crisis occurred due to petroleum shortages and elevated prices in the Western world, triggered by events such as the 1973 oil crisis and 1979 energy crisis.

  • The crisis began as petroleum production peaked in the US and some other parts of the world, and world oil production per capita began to decline after 1979.

  • The major industrial centers of the world had to contend with escalating issues related to petroleum supply, leading to stagnant economic growth in many countries as oil prices surged.

  • The combination of stagnant growth and price inflation during this era led to the coinage of the term stagflation.

  • Petroleum-rich countries in the Middle East benefited from increased prices and the slowing production in other areas of the world.

  • The Suez Crisis and the Arab-Israeli conflict were significant factors leading to the energy crisis.

  • The 1973 oil crisis was triggered by the Yom Kippur War, and the OAPEC countries cut production of oil and placed an embargo on oil exports to the US.

  • The 1979 energy crisis was triggered by the Iranian Revolution, leading to a widespread panic and driving prices far higher than expected.

  • The 1980s oil glut began as a result of slowed economic activity in industrial countries and the energy conservation spurred by high fuel prices.

  • The recession in the US lasted from November 1973 to March 1975, with the GDP declining by 3.2%.

  • High oil prices in the 1970s led to investment in oil production by non-OPEC countries, including Prudhoe Bay in Alaska, the North Sea offshore fields of the UK and Norway, the Cantarell offshore field of Mexico, and oil sands in Canada.

  • Strategic petroleum reserves (SPRs) were created by many nations as a result of the 1973 crisis, with the IEA comprising 31 member countries and approximately 4.1 billion barrels of oil held in strategic reserves.

  • The 1970s energy crisis gave some Muslim countries unique leverage in the world, leading to peace initiatives such as the Camp David Accords, and challenged OPEC to deal with the US pulling out of the Bretton Woods Accord.The Impact of the 1970s Oil Crisis

  • Gold standard was abandoned in 1971, resulting in instability in world currencies and decreasing real revenues for OPEC.

  • OPEC eventually decided to price oil against gold, but negotiations with major oil companies and ongoing Middle East conflicts hindered stabilization efforts.

  • The major oil-producing regions of the US, including Texas, Oklahoma, and Louisiana, benefited greatly from the price inflation of the 1970s.

  • The price of West Texas Intermediate crude oil increased 250% between 1978 and 1980.

  • The economic benefits of increased oil revenue in the Oil Patch states generally offset the effects of the stock market crash and related national economic problems.

  • Global energy consumption per capita remained relatively flat for multiple decades after the 1970s, breaking away from its previous trend of rapid growth.

  • Oil consumption growth reversed downward in the 1970s, and the growth of natural gas consumption also decelerated.

  • Nuclear energy consumption picked up but stopped growing after the Chernobyl disaster in the 1990s.

  • Natural gas consumption growth re-accelerated, and there was a growing use of coal following an almost century-long stagnation.

  • Other alternative energy sources also experienced growth.

  • The 1970s oil crisis had a significant impact on the global economy and energy consumption patterns.

  • The crisis highlighted the need for energy diversification and increased investment in alternative energy sources.


Test your knowledge of the 1970s energy crisis with this detailed summary quiz. From the causes to the impacts, this quiz covers all the important aspects of the crisis that affected the Western world. Discover the significant events that led to the crisis, the effects on the global economy, and the measures taken to overcome it. If you're interested in energy history and economics, this quiz is a must-try.

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