How much do you know about Open Educational Resources (OER)?



9 Questions

What are the 5R activities/permissions that OER permits?

What are the advantages of using OER?

What are the challenges of using OER?

What are some types of open educational resources?

What is the COUP framework used for?

Which program provides open educational resources and support?

What is the global OER logo used for?

What is the OER Research Fellowship?

What is the African Virtual University known for in relation to OER?


Open Learning Resource Summary

  • Open educational resources (OER) are teaching, learning, and research materials created and licensed to be free for the end user to own, share, and modify.

  • OER are designed to reduce accessibility barriers and be adapted for local unique contexts.

  • The term "OER" describes publicly accessible materials and resources for any user to use, re-mix, improve, and redistribute under some licenses.

  • David Wiley proposed the 5R activities/permissions that OER permits: retaining, remixing, revising, reusing, and redistributing the resources.

  • There are tensions in reaching a consensus description of OER, including whether there should be explicit emphasis placed on specific technologies.

  • Open educational resources often involve issues relating to intellectual property rights, and alternative and more flexible licensing options have become available.

  • Advantages of using OER include affordability, accessibility, and the ability to customize resources.

  • Challenges of using OER include the need for technical skills, quality assurance, and the lack of incentives for faculty to use them.

  • Types of open educational resources include full courses, course materials, modules, learning objects, open textbooks, openly licensed videos, tests, software, and other tools, materials, or techniques used to support access to knowledge.

  • OER policies are adopted by governments, institutions, or organizations in support of the creation and use of open content, specifically open educational resources, and related open educational practices.

  • The growing movement of OER has fostered research activities on OER across the world, becoming "a mission-driven trend within the scientific literature".

  • Members of the Global OER Graduate Network (GO-GN) have enacted research responding to critiques of open education research as "under-theorized" and exploring the role of OER as well as open practices and processes in "embracing and foregrounding diversity, inclusion and equity."Overview of Open Educational Resources (OER)

  • OER can improve student learning while reducing the cost of educational resources.

  • The COUP framework is used internationally to explore OER.

  • Research from the Czech Republic found that most students use OER as often as or more often than classical materials.

  • Wikipedia is the most used OER for students of environmental studies.

  • Programs such as the OER Research Fellowship and GO-GN network support doctoral students and early career researchers in conducting research on OER.

  • Open pedagogy, open educational practices, and OER-enabled pedagogy are proposed terms for the use of OER in educational contexts.

  • OER can reduce costs, but there are still costs associated with assembly and adaptation, as well as hosting and dissemination.

  • Universities and foundations have provided institutional support for OER, and UNESCO is taking a leading role in promoting OER.

  • Initiatives such as SkillsCommons, OpenStax, and Curriki provide open educational resources and support.

  • Peer production has been utilized in producing collaborative OERs.

  • The African Virtual University has released OERs to make courses freely available, and Tidewater Community College created the first Associate of Science degree in OER.Overview of Open Educational Resources (OER)

  • OER initiatives aim to improve student success and instructor effectiveness by using openly licensed content.

  • Examples of OER initiatives include the Z-Degree at Tidewater Community College and NOVA's OER-Based General Education Project.

  • Nordic OER is a network that promotes collaboration on open education in the Nordic countries.

  • The Norwegian Digital Learning Arena offers open digital learning resources for upper secondary education.

  • Sweden's OER for Learning OERSweden project aims to stimulate discussion and collaboration on open online knowledge sharing.

  • The CK-12 Foundation provides free and customizable K-12 OER aligned to state curriculum standards.

  • The LATIn Project encourages collaboration among Latin American professors and authors to create customized OER textbooks.

  • The OER World Map documents OER initiatives around the world.

  • crowdsources OER courses under CC license.

  • The University of Idaho Doceo Center launched open course content for K-12 schools and an Open Textbook Crash Course.

  • OER initiatives across the United States rely on individual college and university librarians to curate resources.

  • Oregon Open Educational Resources offers a variety of OER textbooks and resources.

  • The global OER logo was adopted by UNESCO to create a common visual idea for OER.

  • The OER movement has been criticized for insularity and imperialism, but the Research on OER for Development project aims to address these issues.

  • Stephen Downes argues that the production of OER is ironic because knowledge cannot be produced for people.


Test your knowledge on Open Educational Resources (OER) with this quiz! From understanding the definition of OER to exploring its advantages and challenges, this quiz covers various aspects of OER. You'll also learn about different types of OER, OER initiatives around the world, and the research conducted on OER. Whether you're an educator, student, or just interested in the topic, this quiz will help you expand your knowledge on OER.

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