How much do you know about Haiku poetry?



9 Questions

What is the traditional pattern of phonetic units in a Japanese haiku?

What is a kireji in a Japanese haiku?

What is a kigo in a Japanese haiku?

Who gave haiku its current name at the end of the 19th century?

What is haibun?

Who is considered the first noteworthy American minority writer to produce haiku?

What is haiga?

Who popularized his views on haiku by verse columns and essays in newspapers?

What is tanka?


Haiku: A Traditional Japanese Poetry Form

  • Haiku is a short form of poetry that originated in Japan.

  • Traditional Japanese haiku consists of three phrases composed of 17 phonetic units, known as on, in a 5-7-5 pattern, with a kireji (cutting word) and a kigo (seasonal reference).

  • Haiku was given its current name by the Japanese writer Masaoka Shiki at the end of the 19th century.

  • Haiku is traditionally printed as a single line in Japanese, while haiku in English often appear as three lines.

  • There are several other forms of Japanese poetry related to haiku, such as tanka, as well as other art forms that incorporate haiku, such as haibun and haiga.

  • In Japanese haiku, a kireji, or cutting word, typically appears at the end of one of the verse's three phrases.

  • On is a sound unit counted in Japanese verse, and traditional haiku usually consists of 17 on.

  • Haiku traditionally contains a kigo, a word or phrase that symbolizes or implies the season of the poem.

  • The Bashō school promoted standalone hokku by including many in their anthologies, thus giving birth to what is now called "haiku".

  • Masaoka Shiki was a reformer and modernizer who popularized his views by verse columns and essays in newspapers.

  • R. H. Blyth was an Englishman who lived in Japan and produced a series of works on Zen, haiku, senryū, and on other forms of Japanese and Asian literature.

  • Haiku was introduced to the post-war English-speaking world through Blyth's works.The History and Development of Haiku Poetry in Different Languages

  • Kenneth Yasuda's critical theory about haiku includes the concept of a "haiku moment" based on personal experience, which provides the motive for writing a haiku. He considered that haiku translated into English should utilize all of the poetic resources of the language.

  • Harold G. Henderson's An Introduction to Haiku: An Anthology of Poems and Poets from Bashô to Shiki was a revision of his earlier book and translated every hokku and haiku into a rhymed tercet (ABA), whereas the Japanese originals never used rhyme.

  • Haiku was introduced in France by Paul-Louis Couchoud around 1906.

  • Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore composed haiku in Bengali and also translated some from Japanese.

  • In 1992, Nobel laureate Czesław Miłosz published the volume Haiku in which he translated from English to Polish haiku of Japanese masters and American and Canadian contemporary haiku authors.

  • The former president of the European Council, Herman Van Rompuy, is a haijin (haiku poet) and known as "Haiku Herman."

  • The Japanese poet Yone Noguchi was one of the first advocates of English-language hokku.

  • Richard Wright is considered the first noteworthy American minority writer to produce haiku.

  • In Italy, the national haiku association was founded in Rome in 1987 by Sono Uchida, the well-known Japanese haijin and the ambassador of Japan in Vatican.

  • In Spain, several prominent poets experimented with haiku, including Joan Alcover, Antonio Machado, Juan Ramón Jiménez, and Luis Cernuda.

  • The Mexican poet José Juan Tablada is credited with popularizing haiku in his country, reinforced by the publication of two collections composed entirely in that form.

  • In Yugoslavia, development of haiku poetry began during the 1960s, and the first haiku books were written.

  • Haibun is a combination of prose and haiku, often autobiographical or written in the form of a travel journal.

  • Haiga is a style of Japanese painting based on the aesthetics of haikai, and usually including a haiku.


Test your knowledge of the traditional Japanese poetry form, Haiku, with this quiz! Learn about the origins of haiku, its structure, and the key concepts such as kigo and kireji. Discover the different forms of Japanese poetry related to haiku and the notable figures who contributed to its development. Challenge yourself with questions on the history and development of haiku poetry in different languages, including its introduction to the Western world. Put your knowledge to the test and see how much you know about

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