How much do you know about agriculture in Ancient Egypt?



9 Questions

What allowed the Egyptians to use the Nile's waters for a variety of purposes?

What crop was a staple in the Egyptian diet?

What was the significance of the African humid period?

What was the Merimde culture known for?

What was the significance of the domestication of the donkey?

What was the role of orchards and gardens in Ancient Egyptian agriculture?

What was the significance of the Dakhleh Oasis?

What was the significance of plants in Ancient Egyptian culture?

What was the role of religion in Ancient Egyptian daily life?


Agriculture in Ancient Egypt

  • Ancient Egyptians were able to build an empire based on agricultural wealth thanks to the Nile River's predictable seasonal flooding.
  • Egyptians were one of the first groups to practice agriculture on a large scale, thanks to their development of basin irrigation.
  • The African humid period saw an increase in human population in the Sahara due to the area's rich vegetation.
  • Dakhleh Oasis has been the subject of considerable research and supplies important evidence for early Egyptian agriculture.
  • The Merimde culture is believed to be the earliest permanently occupied town in Egypt and they came to develop a fully agricultural economy.
  • The domestication of the donkey is believed to have taken place on the African continent, possibly in the Nile valley.
  • Irrigation allowed the Egyptians to use the Nile's waters for a variety of purposes, including drinking water, and granted them greater control over their agricultural practices.
  • Egyptians developed and utilized a form of water management known as basin irrigation, which allowed them to control the rise and fall of the river to best suit their agricultural needs.
  • Orchards and gardens were developed in addition to field planting in the floodplains, but required much more work due to the need for manual watering and fertilization.
  • The Egyptians grew a variety of crops for consumption, including grains, vegetables, and fruits, but their diets revolved around several staple crops, especially cereals and barley.
  • Egyptians relied on agriculture for more than just the production of food and were creative in their use of plants, using them for medicine, as part of their religious practices, and in the production of clothing.
  • Religion was a highly important aspect of daily life in Ancient Egypt, and many of their religious observances were centered on their observations of the environment, the Nile, and agriculture.


Think you know everything about agriculture in Ancient Egypt? Test your knowledge with our quiz! Learn about basin irrigation, the domestication of donkeys, and the importance of agriculture to the development of the Egyptian empire. From staple crops to the use of plants in medicine and religion, this quiz covers it all. Challenge yourself and see how much you know about this fascinating topic!

Ready to take the quiz?

Start Quiz