Group Dynamics Quiz



9 Questions

What is the Minimax Principle?

What are the four basic types of groups identified by past research?

What is the black sheep effect?

What is the jigsaw classroom?

What is social facilitation?

What are the two categories of behaviours identified in Robert Zajonc's Theory of Social Facilitation?

What is intergroup conflict?

What is the premise of group dynamics?

What is the collective consciousness in group dynamics?


Group Dynamics: A Summary

  • Group dynamics is a system of behaviors and psychological processes occurring within a social group or between social groups.

  • The study of group dynamics can be useful in understanding decision-making behaviour, tracking the spread of diseases in society, creating effective therapy techniques, and following the emergence and popularity of new ideas and technologies.

  • The history of group dynamics has a consistent underlying premise: 'the whole is greater than the sum of its parts.'

  • The concept of a collective consciousness is not essential to group dynamics.

  • Gustave Le Bon, William McDougall, Sigmund Freud, Jacob L. Moreno, Kurt Lewin, William Schutz, Wilfred Bion, Bruce Tuckman, M. Scott Peck, and Richard Hackman are key theorists in the field.

  • Intragroup dynamics are the underlying processes that give rise to a set of norms, roles, relations, and common goals that characterize a particular social group.

  • Group formation starts with a psychological bond between individuals, and through interaction, individuals begin to develop group norms, roles, and attitudes which define the group and are internalized to influence behavior.

  • Joining a group is determined by a number of different factors, including an individual's personal traits, gender, social motives, attachment style, and prior group experiences.

  • The Minimax Principle is a part of social exchange theory that states that people will join and remain in a group that can provide them with the maximum amount of valuable rewards while at the same time, ensuring the minimum amount of costs to themselves.

  • Groups can vary drastically from one another, and past research has identified four basic types of groups which include, but are not limited to: primary groups, social groups, collective groups, and categories.

  • In many fields of research, there is an interest in understanding how group dynamics influence individual behavior, attitudes, and opinions.

  • The dynamics of a particular group depend on how one defines the boundaries of the group.Overview of Social Groups

  • Individuals tend to naturally sort groups of people into four categories: intimacy groups, task groups, loose associations, and social categories.

  • Primary groups are small, long-lasting groups of individuals who share personally meaningful relationships, such as family, close friends, and gangs.

  • Social groups are larger, formally organized groups of individuals who are not as emotionally involved with each other as those in a primary group, with examples including coworkers, clubs, and sports teams.

  • Collectives are loosely formed, spontaneous, and brief groups of individuals who display similar actions or outlooks, such as a flash mob or an audience at a movie.

  • Categories are collections of individuals who are similar in some way and become groups when their similarities have social implications, such as groups of different races.

  • Social identity and group membership satisfy a need to belong, while optimal distinctiveness theory suggests that individuals have a desire to balance being similar to others and different from others.

  • Group cohesion is critical for keeping members of a social group connected and has been linked to group performance, intergroup conflict, and therapeutic change.

  • The black sheep effect refers to individuals derogating socially undesirable ingroup members relative to outgroup members, which can lead to marginalization.

  • Groups influence individual behavior, decision-making processes, and performance, with both positive and negative implications.

  • Group structure includes roles, norms, values, communication patterns, and status differentials, which can influence group performance and dynamics.The Psychology of Intergroup Dynamics and Social Facilitation

  • Social facilitation refers to the improvement in task performance that occurs when people work in the presence of other people.

  • Robert Zajonc observed two categories of behaviours in his Theory of Social Facilitation - dominant responses and nondominant responses.

  • Several theories analysing performance gains in groups via drive, motivational, cognitive, and personality processes explain why social facilitation occurs.

  • Intergroup dynamics refers to the behavioural and psychological relationship between two or more groups.

  • Intergroup conflict starts with a process of comparison between individuals in one group (the ingroup) to those of another group (the outgroup).

  • The formation of intergroup conflict was investigated in a popular series of studies by Muzafer Sherif and colleagues in 1961, called the Robbers Cave Experiment.

  • There have been several strategies developed for reducing the tension, bias, prejudice, and conflict between social groups.

  • Promoting contact between groups can help reduce prejudice.

  • Several models utilize a superordinate identity to reduce prejudice.

  • Techniques that utilize interdependence, between two or more groups, can help reduce prejudice.

  • Social identity theory, realistic conflict theory, social dominance theory, and social-/self-categorization theory are the prominent theories relating to intergroup conflict.

  • The jigsaw classroom is a strategy of interdependence that uses intergroup cooperation to reduce conflict.


Test your knowledge on the fascinating topic of group dynamics with this quiz! This quiz covers a range of topics related to group dynamics, including the history of the field, theories and concepts, types of social groups, intergroup dynamics, social facilitation, and strategies for reducing intergroup conflict. This quiz is perfect for students, researchers, and anyone interested in understanding how groups influence individual behavior and how to improve group dynamics for better outcomes.

Ready to take the quiz?

Play Quiz