Get Moving



9 Questions

What is the definition of exercise?

What are the three types of physical exercises?

What are some benefits of physical activity?

What is the recommended amount of exercise?

What percentage of disease burden is caused by physical inactivity?

What is active recovery?

What is overtraining?

What is the effect of exercise on appetite?

What is the purpose of incorporating mindfulness into physical exercise interventions?


Bodily Activity for Health: A Summary

  • Exercise is a physical activity that helps maintain or enhance physical fitness, overall health, and wellness.

  • Physical activity is performed for various reasons, including weight loss, developing muscles and the cardiovascular system, and improving overall health and mental well-being.

  • The amount of recommended exercise depends on the goal, type of exercise, and age of the person, but even a small amount of exercise is healthier than none.

  • Physical exercises are generally grouped into three types: flexibility, aerobic, and anaerobic.

  • Benefits of physical activity include maintaining a healthy weight, regulating the digestive system, building and maintaining healthy bone density, muscle strength, and joint mobility, and strengthening the immune system.

  • Physical inactivity causes approximately 6-10% of the burden of disease from coronary heart disease, type 2 diabetes, breast cancer, and colon cancer worldwide.

  • Most people can increase fitness by increasing physical activity levels.

  • Physical activity has a beneficial effect on the cardiovascular system and can reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases, including heart attack and stroke.

  • Evidence suggests that exercise may positively affect the quality of life in cancer survivors and contribute to a reduction of cancer-related fatigue in survivors of breast cancer.

  • Exercise can induce a transient state of euphoria, improve sleep quality, and improve sexual arousal problems related to antidepressant use.

  • Community-wide and school campaigns may increase exercise levels, and parents can promote physical activity by modeling healthy levels of physical activity or encouraging physical activity.

  • Incorporating mindfulness into physical exercise interventions increases exercise adherence and self-efficacy and has positive effects both psychologically and physiologically.Sociocultural Variations in Physical Exercise and the Importance of Nutrition and Recovery: A Summary

  • People exercise outdoors for personal enjoyment, health, social interactions, competition, or training.

  • In Colombia, outdoor activities are used as social gatherings and to enjoy nature and communities.

  • Cambodia has public gyms where people congregate to organize aerobics and dance sessions.

  • Sweden has free outdoor gyms placed in picturesque environments, and people swim in rivers and run through forests to stay healthy.

  • In some areas of China, particularly among the retired, square dances are held in public parks to interact with different people.

  • Physical exercise can improve health and well-being, enhance community ties, and appreciation of natural beauty.

  • Proper nutrition is important to ensure that the body has the correct ratio of macronutrients while providing ample micronutrients.

  • Active recovery is recommended to remove lactate from the blood and decline in body temperature.

  • Exercise affects appetite, but whether it increases or decreases appetite varies from individual to individual.

  • Excessive exercise or overtraining occurs when a person exceeds their body's ability to recover from strenuous exercise.

  • The benefits of exercise have been known since antiquity, and mass exercise movements began in the early twentieth century.

  • Studies of animals indicate that physical activity may be more adaptable than changes in food intake to regulate energy balance.


Test your knowledge on the importance of physical activity with our Bodily Activity for Health quiz. Learn about the benefits of exercise, recommended amounts, and different types of exercises. Additionally, take our Sociocultural Variations in Physical Exercise and the Importance of Nutrition and Recovery quiz to explore how different cultures view and engage in physical activity, the importance of proper nutrition and active recovery, and the effects of exercise on appetite. Challenge yourself and see how much you know about bodily activity for optimal health and wellness!

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