Definition of Philosophy and Its Origins

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By PainlessColumbus

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28 Questions

Philosophy comes from the Greek words φίλος (philos), which means “loves”, and σοφία (Sophia), which means “______”

The pre-Socratic thinker Pythagoras of Samos is known for his mathematical theorem expressed in the equation ______

Pythagoras is also known for teaching metempsychosis, or the “transmigration of ______”

Philosophy is distinct from disciplines that consider spontaneous knowledge or knowledge attained by the arts or knowledge acquired in technical sciences as it searches for “______” knowledge

The material object of philosophy, i.e., the reality it studies, is all ______

The formal object of philosophy, i.e., the aspect under which it studies the material object, is the study of reality through its ultimate ______

Philosophy, etymologically, comes from the Greek words φίλος (philos), which means “loves”, and σοφία (Sophia), which means “______”

A considerable number of authors, like Cicero and St. Thomas Aquinas, hold that the term “philosophy” was coined by pre-Socratic thinker Pythagoras of Samos who refused to refer to himself as “______”

Pythagoras is also known for his mathematical theorem expressed in the equation $a^2+b^2=c^2$ and for teaching known as ______, or the “transmigration of souls”

Philosophy, formally, is the study of the deepest causes of reality in the light of natural human reason. It is distinct from disciplines that consider spontaneous knowledge or knowledge attained by the arts or knowledge acquired in technical sciences as it searches for “______” knowledge

Hence, the material object of philosophy, i.e., the reality it studies, is all ______

The formal object of philosophy, i.e., the aspect under which it studies the material object, is the study of reality through its ultimate ______

Ethics is founded on ______.

Logic studies the mental processes of man to ensure that they are ______.

Logic is divided into: (1) material logic, which studies the main philosophical problems taken up in logic such as that of universals, of abstraction, and of ______.

Logic studies: (1) concept, which is the end result of simple ______.

Logic studies: (2) proposition, which is the end result of ______.

Logic studies: (3) syllogism, which is the end result of ______.

General ethics studies the basic principles regarding human ______.

Social ethics applies the principles of general ethics to the life of man as member of his ______ group.

Symbolic logic is a type of ______ logic.

Logic deals with beings of reason which exist only in the ______.

Metaphysics etymologically means “beyond physics”. It is the highest branch (or some say, the “nucleus”) of philosophy as it seeks the ultimate causes of reality in an absolute sense. Parts of metaphysics are: (1) general metaphysics, which deals with being as beings and the modes and structure of being of beings; (2) theodicy or natural theology, which studies God as Subsistent Being and First Cause of all beings; and (3) gnoseology, which examines the foundations of ______.

Philosophy of Nature or Cosmology, which studies corporeal beings, particularly inanimate beings. It also considers corporeal beings as mobile beings, i.e. beings subject to ______.

Philosophy of Living Beings studies animate beings, i.e. beings endowed with souls, be it vegetative, sentient, or rational. It is also called “psychology” or “philosophical psychology” as it focuses on the “psyche” (soul) as the principle of ______.

Ethics is the practical branch of philosophy as it studies how human acts are directed towards man’s purpose and ______.

Philosophy comes from the Greek words φίλος (philos), which means “loves”, and σοφία (Sophia), which means “______”

Philosophy, formally, is the study of the deepest causes of reality in the light of natural human reason. It is distinct from disciplines that consider spontaneous knowledge or knowledge attained by the arts or knowledge acquired in technical sciences as it searches for “______” knowledge

Description

Explore the origins and etymology of the term 'philosophy' and its association with wisdom. Learn about the views of notable authors like Cicero, St. Thomas Aquinas, and Pythagoras on the concept of philosophy.

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